But she survived and was repaired temporarily in Leningrad, stayed in drydock but defending herself meanwhile against German air attacks. On trials they proved to be the fastest ships of the class with a speed of 36.72 knots (68.01 km/h; 42.26 mph). Kalinin and Kaganovich received the Lend-Lease ASDIC-132 system, which the Soviets called Drakon-132, as well as the experimental Soviet Mars-72 sonar system. Her bow was damaged during a heavy storm in Tuapse when it was thrown against the jetty on 21–22 January 1942. These Heinkel K-12 catapults were purchased in 1937 and could traverse 360°. This was on paper, after strengthening the hull and adding hundreds of tons, it sank below it. Main armament Although impressive on paper, the final result was really not up to the expectations. Her firing arcs were reduced in an attempt to mitigate the problem. Its official designation is “missile cruiser”, although its size and speed qualifies it as a battlecruiser.It was also the first Russian surface ship to use a nuclear powerplant. [23], Even though Lazar Kaganovich and Kalinin were both commissioned before the end of the war, they saw no action during the Soviet invasion of Manchuria in 1945;[13] in any event, Lazar Kaganovich was not fully completed until 29 January 1947. The ships had some differences in sensor and weapons suites: Kirov came wit… Orlan-class cruisers of project 1144 are a symbol of the Soviet Navy and a good example of protracted design and specification of technical projects. Soviet cruiser Kirov, the lead ship of the Kirov-class cruisers, launched in 1936; Kirov-class battlecruiser, a Soviet nuclear-powered cruiser class . Pyotr Velikiy carries some S-300FM missiles and is the only ship in the Russian Navy capable of ballistic missile defence. [3], The Project 26 class ships were 191.3 m (627 ft 7 in) long overall. She was reclassified as a training cruiser on 2 August 1961, regularly visited Poland and East Germany, and was sold for scrap on 22 February 1974. Their superstructure diverged however with a simple conning tower on top of which was mounted the bridge and fire director, instead of a quadripod mast. Repaired with the bow from the suspended Frunze, she resumed service at the end of 1944. They were mated on the same mount, therefore no individual elevation was possible. The Italians pointed out that the guarantee only applied if she displaced 7200 tonnes or less, and she was overweight by over 500 tonnes (490 long tons; 550 short tons). Overall Project 26 design was faithful to the Italian ‘tin-clad’ armor of the time and the ship was vulnerable down to under 10 km (6.2 mi) to destroyer shells. Russia’s Upgraded Kirov-Class Cruiser Admiral Nakhimov Set for Late 2022 Delivery The Russian Navy (VMF) is set to receive the upgraded Kirov-class nuclear-powered guided missile cruiser "Admiral Nakhimov" (Project 11442M) in late 2022, according to the Ministry of Defense (MoD). For the later class of nuclear-powered missile cruisers, see, "Russian 180 mm/60 (7.1") B-1-K Pattern 1931 180 mm/57 (7.1") B-1-P Pattern 1932 180 mm/56 Pattern 1933", Individual ship histories on navsource.narod.ru, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kirov-class_cruiser&oldid=1001250929, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Project 26, Project 26bis, Project 26bis2, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 21:59. Indeed, the Kirov burned .8 kg (1.8 lb) of fuel oil per hp, versus Kalinin’s 623 kg (1.37 lb) and the end result was 113,500 shaft horsepower (84,600 kW) on trials versus 122,500 shp (91,300 kW). The Soviet Union designated its Kiev-class and Kuznetsov-class ships as "aircraft-carrying cruisers" because these ships were armed with P-500 and P-700 cruise missiles, which also form the main armament of the Slava-class cruiser and the Kirov-class battlecruiser. She was reclassified as a training cruiser on 3 August 1961 and deployed to the Mediterranean during 5–30 June 1967 to show Soviet support for Syria during the Six-Day War. She bombarded Axis positions near Odessa in mid-September, but was transferred to Novorossiysk shortly afterwards. The Ansaldo company, responsible for the Condotierri class was contacted, and an agreement was signed. The cruiser Kalinin, camouflaged in 1945 (wikimedia cc). After making a number of bombardment sorties in support of Soviet troops on the Kerch Peninsula, she returned to Poti for more permanent repairs on 20 March. They were only slightly longer at 191.4 m (627 ft 11 in) overall and had a deep draft of 6.30 m (20 ft 8 in) at full load. Maxim Gorky tested the first Soviet naval helicopter, the Kamov Ka-10, in December 1950 and began her refit in mid-1953. Just like the Cleveland or London treaty type cruisers, they carried a 12 gun battery of 6-in (152 mm) quick-firing artillery, and a powerful AA to match. In 1980, the Soviet Union completed construction of the first of four Kirov-class cruisers. Bristling with sensors and weaponry, and seemingly alien … [12], The Project 26 ships landed their catapult during 1941 to make room for more AA guns, as did Molotov in 1942. She was renamed Petropavlovsk on 3 August 1957 after Lazar Kaganovich was purged from the government after an unsuccessful coup against Nikita Khrushchev that same year. Later, the second serie Gorky and Molotov had Soviet-built ZK-1 catapults; but no plane was ever fitted to them, the all four ships stayed without plan provision. She saw no action after completing her repairs due to Stalin's order. Kirov— Soviet promo premium Tier V cruiser. Just after her repairs were completed she assisted Soviet forces landing behind German lines at the so-called "Malaya Zemlya" at the end of January 1943. They proved to be unsuitable for rough-weather landings and were disembarked when Operation Barbarossa began. She was modernized under Project 33M from 11 October 1963 to 1 December 1965. Their Light AA artillery consisted of six semi-automatic 45 mm/46 (1.7 in) 21-K AA guns. The first modern interwar cruisers built in USSR were the Kirov class. She would survive the war and be disarmed in 1972. The Soviet TB-7 geared turbines proved to be more powerful and more economical than the originals. Radars made these all obsolete. Gnevny sank, while Gorky made it to port before being transferred, with assistance, to Tallinn and later to Kronstadt. 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