In 1942, Luetzow teamed up with heavy cruiser Hipper, to threaten the Allies' Arctic convoys to Russia. She ran aground during a planned attack on convoy PQ 17, which necessitated another return to Germany for repairs. [38] Despite sinking, the water was shallow enough that her main deck was still 2 m (6 ft 7 in) above water, permitting her use as a stationary gun battery against advancing Soviet forces under control of Task Force Thiele. 100% Upvoted. [653 x 594]German "pocket" battleship Lützow, in the Kaiserfahrt canal, April 25, 1945. [26] Despite the setback, KzS August Thiele, Lützow's commander, was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross for his actions during the Battle of Drøbak Sound, during which he took command of the task force after the loss of Blücher. She had her aircraft catapult installed in this period, and was provided with two Heinkel He 60 floatplanes. Lützow. The German “pocket battleships” were the Deutschland (renamed Lützow), the Graf Spee, and the Scheer. Kampfgruppe 2 was assigned to Operation Rösselsprung, a planned attack on the Allied convoy PQ 17, which was headed to the Soviet Union. Allies take Bologna in Italy. 21 April-Russians inside Berlin. Thats often cited as the reason and may or may no be true but theres also another, more practical reason for the name change. Her sister Admiral Scheer was to join Lützow for the operation, and on 12 June she departed for Norway with an escort of destroyers. The first real test came on August 20, 1944, when the 2d Battalion, 317th Infantry, attacked high ground near Argentan during the Allied drive to seal huge German forces in the Falaise Pocket. Originally classified as an armored ship (Panzerschiff) by the Reichsmarine, in February 1940 the Germans reclassified the remaining tw… [8] Stalin subsequently issued orders that further attacks on German and Italian warships were strictly prohibited. My sister-in-law's father was one of its crew. [37], Hitler was furious over the failure to destroy the convoy, and ordered that all remaining German major warships be broken up for scrap. Ithaca: McBooks Press. 15 aircraft managed to bomb the target with Tallboys or with 1,000-pounders. The British cruisers turned toward Lützow and came under fire from both German cruisers. Group 5 was tasked with capturing Oslo, the capital of Norway, and transported a force of 2,000 mountain troops from the Wehrmacht. Heavy fog and neutrality requirements, which required the Norwegians to fire warning shots, permitted the Germans to avoid damage. In March, Lützow moved to Altafjord, where she experienced problems with her diesel engines. The ship accidentally started sliding down the slipway while Brüning was giving his christening speech. Deutschland/Luetzow "Pocket Battleship" With harsh treaty restrictions after World War I, the German Navy had to choose its ship designs judiciously. Pocket battleship ‘Deutschland’ will be renamed to ‘Lützow’ and classified as a Heavy Cruiser in February 1940. She eventually landed her troop complement in Verle Bay, after which she used her operational 28 cm guns to provide fire support. (Admiral Scheer and Admiral Graf Spee were later improvements of the design.). pocket battleships . Trials were completed by December 1933, and the ship was ready for active service with the fleet. Ten days later, however, Hitler ordered the men be exhumed and returned for burial in Germany. report. Pocket-battleship Lützow under repair until April 1941. Admiral Scheer [ˌatmiˈʁaːl ʃeːɐ̯] was a Deutschland-class heavy cruiser (often termed a pocket battleship) which served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II.The vessel was named after Admiral Reinhard Scheer, German commander in the Battle of Jutland.She was laid down at the Reichsmarinewerft shipyard in Wilhelmshaven in June 1931 and completed by … The Battle of the River Plate: The Hunt for the German Pocket Battleship Graf Spee. ISBN 978-1-59013-096-4. Four of the other five destroyers escorting the convoy rushed to join the fight, while Achates laid a smoke screen to cover the convoy. 22 April-Russians hold one-sixth of Berlin. [34], On 13 April 1945, twenty-four RAF Avro Lancaster bombers attacked Lützow and Prinz Eugen, without success due to cloud cover. exceeded the allowed tonnage by 6%.As far as warship building is concerned, that's as close as a 3-point landing as you'll get. [24], The damage Lützow sustained prompted the Kriegsmarine to order her to return to Germany for repairs. This handsome volume provides a complete pictorial history and timeline of the first member of the class, Deutschland. [25] The ship was only able to fire her secondary battery in return. share. In 1940, the 8.8 cm guns were removed, and six 10.5 cm (4.1 in) L/65 guns, four 3.7 cm (1.5 in) guns, and ten 2 cm (0.79 in) guns were installed in their place. [20] The refit took until March 1940,[17] after which it was intended to send the ship on another commerce-raiding operation into the South Atlantic. Log in or sign up to leave a comment Log In Sign Up. [34] Rear Admiral Robert Burnett's Force R, centered on the cruisers Sheffield and Jamaica, standing by in distant support of the Allied convoy,[35] raced to the scene. British torpedo bombers attacked the ship off Egersund and scored a single hit that disabled her electrical system and rendered the ship motionless. [8], Following the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936, Deutschland and Admiral Scheer were deployed to the Spanish coast on 23 July 1936 to conduct non-intervention patrols off the Republican-held coast of Spain. [11], On 5 October, she found and sank the British transport ship Stonegate, though not before the freighter was able to send a distress signal informing vessels in the area of Deutschland's presence. Naval Institute, a private, nonprofit, membership society for sea service professionals and others who share and interest in naval and maritime affairs. Pocket-battleship Admiral Scheer under repair until September 1940. Ithaca: McBooks Press. google_ad_client = "pub-0095770914145472"; The ship was launched on 19 May 1931; at her launching, she was christened by German Chancellor Heinrich Brüning. Deutschland (later renamed Lützow), Admiral Scheer and Admiral Graf Spee were simply termed panzerschiffe (armored ships) by the Germans, but they were known to their opponents by the far more evocative term Pocket Battleships. Main armament consisted of 6 11-inch guns in two triple turrets and 8 6-inch guns in individual turrets. save. By 10 May 1942, the ship was finally pronounced ready for action. She then participated in Operation Weserübung, the invasion of Norway. Deutschland was the lead ship of her class of heavy cruisers (often termed pocket battleships) which served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II. at the time was group captain J.E Fauquier. [28], Lützow was recommissioned for service on 31 March 1941, after which the Kriegsmarine initially planned to send the ship on the commerce raiding operation planned the previous year. Actually, the first ship of the class -- the Deutschland, later re-christened Lützow-- had a "standard" displacement of 10,600 long tons, i.e. [16] In the course of her raiding mission, she sank only two vessels and captured a third. She was made the flagship of the now Vizeadmiral Kummetz, the commander of Kampfgruppe 2. The force flew through intense flak; 1 Lancaster was shot down (No 617 Squadron's last loss of the war) and all but 2 aircraft were damaged. After returning to Germany, she went into dock for routine maintenance work, as well as installation of additional equipment. Main armament consisted of 6 11-inch guns in two triple turrets and 8 6-inch guns in individual turrets. The first battlecruisers came from the Royal Navy. [12] Hitler hoped to secure a negotiated peace with Britain and France after he overran Poland, and he therefore did not authorize Deutschland to begin her raiding mission against British and French shipping until 26 September. Volume 1 deals with the first four, the pocket battleships Deutschland/Lützow, Admiral Scheer, and Admiral Graf Spee, along with the battleship Scharnhorst. There was a triumphant report in the British press when she … Naval Institute Press Fall 2014 Catalog - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. This battleship / Admiral Graf Spee was a Deutschland-class “Panzerschiff”, nicknamed a “pocket battleship” by the British. [17] Hitler himself made the decision to rename the ship, recognizing that the sinking of a warship, always possible, was a propaganda disaster if it bore the name of its country. Meanwhile, on 14 October, Deutschland encountered and sank the Norwegian transport Lorentz W Hansen,[10] of some 1,918 GRT. The Lützow Class was comprised of three battleships of which the flagship was first called the Deutschland. [a] In 1940, she was renamed Lützow, after the unfinished Admiral Hipper-class heavy cruiser Lützow was handed over to the Soviet Union. [1], Deutschland's primary armament was six 28 cm (11 in) SK C/28 guns mounted in two triple gun turrets, one forward and one aft of the superstructure. [10] The French Force de Raid, centered on the battleship Dunkerque, was occupied with protecting convoys around Britain to prevent them from being attacked by Deutschland. Prager, Hans Georg (2002). 13th April 1945 Twenty 617 Sqn. Luetzow was a hard luck ship, always running around or getting torpedoed, and missed many battles. She rendezvoused with Admiral Scheer to take on additional doctors before proceeding to Gibraltar where the dead were buried with full military honors. Nazis report huge tank battle outside Berlin. They were originally designated “armored ships” by the Germans—a rather vague term—and then classed as cruisers. [31] The British detected the German departure and ordered the convoy to scatter. Ordered by the Weimar government for the Reichsmarine, she was laid down at the Deutsche Werke shipyard in Kielin February 1929 and completed by April 1933. [11] Deutschland was ordered to strictly observe prize rules, which required raiders to stop and search ships for contraband before sinking them, and to ensure that their crews are safely evacuated. pocket battleships . [14] A prize crew was dispatched to the ship; they took the ship with the original crew held prisoner to Germany via Murmansk. The Norwegians, including those manning the guns at the Oscarsborg Fortress were on alert, however. Pope, Dudley (2005). [7] Deutschland participated in fleet maneuvers in German waters in early 1936. Originally classified as an armored ship (Panzerschiff) by the Reichsmarine, in February 1940 the Germans reclassified the remaining two ships of this class as heavy cruisers. Ordered by the Weimar government for the Reichsmarine, she was laid down at the Deutsche Werke shipyard in Kiel in February 1929 and completed by April 1933. A second shell struck the ship's deck and penetrated the upper and main armored decks; starting a fire in the cruiser's hospital and operating theater, killing two soldiers and severely wounding six others. Bad weather hampered her efforts, and she sank or captured only a handful of vessels before returning to Germany. As designed, her standard complement consisted of 33 officers and 586 enlisted men, though after 1935 this was significantly increased to 30 officers and 921–1,040 sailors. Hamburg: Koehler. Her keel was laid on 5 February 1929, under construction number 219. And soldiers in Gibraltar for treatment torpedo bombers attacked the ship was commissioned into Atlantic... Long unclear, as with most of the U.S kongsdal later reported the encounter to the Halifax route she! 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