Philadelphian: The faithful church of the last days. Though certain historical periods are marked by the conditions spoken of in these letters, we could never say that “only one letter” applies only to us or our age. John F. Walvoord and Roy B. Zuck (Victor Books, 1983), 939.. 3 Dan DeHaan, The God You Can Know, 38.. 4 Wiersbe, The Bible Exposition Commentary, Rev. Each has prophetic and spiritual applications and each represents a period of time in church history. New International Version (NIV), Revelation 3 - Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible, Acts: A Bible Commentary in the Wesleyan Tradition. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. The Philadelphian church is the recipient of this letter. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. Philadelphia, which means “brotherly love,” was situated in Lydia along the Hermus River valley about 38 miles southeast of Sardis. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. If we are, we can change and become one of Jesus’ overcomers. He had every right to break down the door, or enter some other way on His own accord, but He didn’t. The ancient Greek word zealous comes from the same word as hot in Revelation 3:16. At Philadelphia; God is able, and as willing as able, to keep us from falling, and to present us faultless before the presence of his glory. Behold, I stand at the door and knock. Study the bible online using commentary on Revelation 3 and more! For an overview of the messages to all seven congregations, see “Seven Churches of Revelation.” Members of the Church of God in Philadelphia undoubtedly faced similar influences and pressures as did other Christians at the time. This is where Jesus wants us, in the place of fellowship with Him. He was not bound to leave the kingdom even to his eldest son. The name ‘Philadelphia’ is interesting; it means ‘love for a brother’. The contrast between the wealth and affluence of their city and their own spiritual bankruptcy. “When you and I shall be stretched upon our dying beds, I think we shall have to regret, above everything else, our coldness of heart. Conversely, Paul had many doors closed and prayed for the ability to spread the Word without hindrance: f. I will come into him: What a glorious promise! Revelation 3:7-8 What is this open door? The Message to Sardis. If religion is worth anything, it is worth every thing. Read the Scripture: Revelation 3:7-13. He desires to come in and to sit long with us, and to wait as long as we wish him to wait.” (Barclay), iii. i. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. Christ’s letter to Philadelphia Revelation 3:7. Ephesian: The early church, up until the death of John. Philadelphia A small farming town on the edge of a fertile valley. Now, our faults fill us with fears, doubts, and sorrows; but the Redeemer has. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. Smyrna: Sweet and precious martyrdom, but a progression of clergy and laity distinctions and Judaizing tendencies, with an increasing departure from the simplicity of the gospel. Jesus wants to come in to us, and dine with us, in the sense of having a deep, meaningful relationship. Additionally, some have pointed to the order of the letters as evidence of their significance as a broad explanation of church history in the period between the Ascension and Jesus to His return. “Turn your way,” Jesus said. I counsel you to buy from Me gold refined in the fire, that you may be rich; and white garments, that you may be clothed, that the shame of your nakedness may not be revealed; and anoint your eyes with eye salve, that you may see. He who has an ear, let him hear: Few want to identify themselves with the church of Laodicea. “This is the worst of the seven Churches, and yet the most eminent of all the promises are made to it, showing that the worst may repent, finally conquer, and attain even to the highest state of glory.” (Clarke), “He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.”’”. the angel See the discussion concerning the identity of the angel at Revelation 1:20. church in Philadelphia See commentary on Seven Churches of Asia.Philadelphia was built by Attalus Philadelphus, king of Pergamum (died 138 BC) from which it derives its name. Revelation commentary: chapter 3 - last 3 letters to seven churches. This one is addressed to the church in Philadelphia. Anoint your eyes with eye salve: If they received from Jesus the healing of their spiritual sight, they would then be able to see. We might say that it all began with their spiritual blindness. Introduction. This speaks of a depth to the relationship. Among the many sins… perhaps this will lie the heaviest upon our heart and conscience, ‘I did not live as I ought to have done; I was not as earnest in my Lord’s cause as I should have been.’ Then will our cold sermons, like sheeted ghosts, march before our eyes in dread array. Epistles to the church at Sardis; About this commentary: Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. Jesus’ heart to this church is, “Even though I rebuke you and chasten you, I am still your friend. This Philadelphia was established by the Pergamum king Eumenes II in 189 BC. Not as those who never have been faulty, but as those who, but for God's mercy, and a Saviour's sufferings and merits, might most justly have been condemned long ago. The key to opening the door is to first hear His voice. The Passage: “The Church in Philadelphia” (3:7-13) In this passage we find the sixth letter, or mini-letter, that was dictated by Jesus to John in Revelation chapters 2 and 3. Revelation 3:7-13 King James Version (KJV) 7 And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth;. He won’t ring the bell and run away. I know your deeds; you have a reputation of being alive, but you are dead. The Holy One is a common Old Testament title for God (Isaiah 40:25; 43:15). There is nothing that can keep them from their access to this door. If you are blind, you can’t look at yourself and see that you are wretched, miserable, poor… and naked. b. “Supper (deipnon) was the main meal of the day. Jesus’ great love was expressed in His rebuke. Thyatiran: The unrepentant, unfaithful church destined to go through the Great Tribulation. Let us more often look up to Him who is able to keep us from falling, to improve as well as maintain the work he has wrought in us, till we shall be presented blameless before the presence of his glory. We may request cookies to be set on your device. 3. “Don’t look to your own riches and resources, because they are really bankrupt. a. I counsel you to buy from Me: The change in the Laodiceans had to begin with understanding their spiritual poverty. Therefore be zealous and repent. ... About this commentary: “David could shut or open the kingdom of Israel to whom he pleased. b. I will grant to sit with Me on My throne: Those who overcome the battle against indifference, compromise, and self-reliance, receive a special reward. Revelation 3 is the third chapter of the Book of Revelation or the Apocalypse of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.The book is traditionally attributed to John the Apostle, but the precise identity of the author remains a point of academic debate. We would much rather identify ourselves with the church at Philadelphia. It only happens as we respond to His knock, but the promise is made to all: If anyone hears my voice. Revelation KEEPING AND KEPT Revelation 3:10. e. Behold, I stand at the door and knock: Jesus gave this lukewarm church The Great Invitation. “We must not talk about setting the church right, we must pray for grace each one for himself, for the text does not say, ‘If the church will open the door,’ but ‘If any man hear my voice and open the door.’ It must be done by individuals: the church will only get right by each man getting right.” (Spurgeon). 7 “And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write: ‘The words of the holy one, the true one, who has the key of David, who opens and no one will shut, who shuts and no one opens. 2 Wake up! To him who overcomes: Jesus’ promise to the overcomer, even at Laodicea, showed that we don’t have to be Christians who are compromising and lukewarm. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible is available in the Public Domain. Then shall our hearts know a joy beyond what earth can afford; then shall God also rejoice over us. “The Laodiceans are typical of the modern world, which revels in that which the natural eye can see but is untouched by the gospel and does not see beyond the veil of the material to the unseen and real eternal spiritual riches.” (Walvoord). (Revelation 3:7–ESV) Holiness. Laodicean: Middle 1800’s to the end of the Christian dispensation, “a sad comment on modern Christendom.”, Chuck Smith, What the World is Coming To (1977). And no, I don't mean Pennsylvania. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. Commentary on Revelation 3:14-22 (Read Revelation 3:14-22) Laodicea was the last and worst of the seven churches of Asia. undertaken for his people, that they shall be presented faultless. I know your deeds. Sardian: 1520 to the mid 1700’s (“but doubtless embraces the entire history of Protestantism to the end of the gospel dispensation”); the church of the Reformation, and a partial work. iii. Christ expects men should be in earnest. Speaking to seven churches means speaking to the church in perfection, in completion and totality. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. Amen. This goes against the spirit of our age, which was long ago expressed by a famous Englishman when he read a sermon by G.W.E. This historical approach to the seven churches of Revelation is useful if these periods are seen as broad, imprecise descriptions of the church through history, allowing for generous periods of overlap. Epistle to the Church at Sardis Pergamite: True faith more and more disappearing; clericalism systematized, union with the world. Pergamite: Beginning in 316, “development of church-state system under Constantine.”. ©2019 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. ii. Introduction. The idea of Jesus at the door applies to the sinner and to the saint just the same. Answer: Revelation 3:7-13 records Christ’s message to the sixth of the seven churches addressed in Revelation 2–3. There is still a farming town there today. 5. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. When Jesus said dine with him, He spoke of a specific meal known as the deipnon. vii. And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write — “Philadelphia, so called from Attalus Philadelphus, its builder, is distant from Sardis about twenty-seven miles to the south-east. a. Sardian: Separation and return to the rule of Christ; many great names, but also deadness, and lethargy (Protestant centuries). Up to this point, phrases from the vision of chapter 1 were used to identify the speaker. The letter to the church in Philadelphia begins with Christ identifying himself as “holy and true” (3:7). 1 Constable, Expository Notes on Revelation [CD-ROM], 40.. 2 John F. Walvoord , “Revelation” in The Bible Knowledge Commentary, eds. Here in chapter 3, they continue and conclude with the messages to the final three churches. He didn’t say, “If any church,” but if anyone. They enjoy a place with the enthroned Jesus (as I also overcame and sat down with My Father on His throne). You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. You can check these in your browser security settings. “The occupant must open the door. Since Jesus is He who opens and no one shuts, and shuts and no one opens (Revelation 3:7), He had the authority to keep this door open for the Christians in Philadelphia. 7 “And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write: These are the words of the holy one, the true one, who has the key of David, who opens and no one will shut, who shuts and no one opens: 8 “I know your works. Buy from Me gold refined in the fire: If they received from Jesus His riches, His gold – beautifully refined in the fire – then they may be rich. ii. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. God can always be counted on to keep his promises (Titus 1:2). The Church at Philadelphia: A Committed Church - Revelation 3:7-13 - 2/14/10 Turn with me this morning to the last book in the Bible, the book of Revelation, chapter 3. – Revelation 3:14-22, NAU. View Revelation . iv. Many have attempted to make sense of Revelation chapters 2 and 3 (the letters to the seven churches of Asia) by taking them as a unified whole. “Yet upon a church that has sunk so low as Laodicea, the risen Lord still showers His love.” (Barnhouse), iii. The sovereign, omnipotent Jesus lowered Himself to work out His eternal plan by wooing the cooperation of the human heart. We need to make our life following Jesus, not just a hobby or an occasional activity. Philadelphian: Closer adherence to Jesus’ Word, more fraternity among Christians (modern evangelical movement of the 19th century). When we give attention to what Jesus says, then we can be rescued from our own lukewarmness and enter into a “zealous” relationship with Him. All sincere believers were given him of the Father; and of all so given him he has lost none, nor will lose any one. The epistle to the Church of Sardis, Revelation 3:1-6. (Revelation 3:7 - 12, HBFV). Read Revelation 3 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). If the church at Philadelphia was “The Church of the Open Door,” then Laodicea had “The Church of the Excluded Jesus.”. c. You are: This wasn’t just the opinion of Jesus. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. Buy from Me: How can we buy these things from Jesus? b. Thyatiran: Purple and glory for the corrupt priesthood; false prophets enthroned in a time when truth was exchanged for darkness (up to the Reformation). Joseph Seiss speaks to this well: “There are Protestant Papists, and Papistical Protestants; sectarian anti-sectarians, and partyists who are not schismatics; holy ones in the midst of abounding defection and apostasy, and unholy ones in the midst of the most earnest and active faith; light in dark places, and darkness in the midst of light.”. Sardis I love you deeply as My friend.”, ii. This is similar to – or perhaps a quotation of – Song of Solomon 5:2: It is the voice of my beloved! Why did He knock? Turn around and look to Me.”. If we open the door, He will come in. by Don Koenig. The Message to Philadelphia. The word for love in as many as I love is not agape, but phileo. The biblical city was located about 28 miles southeast of the city of Sardis. Jesus comes to the door as the lover in the Song of Solomon. II. Revelation chapter 3 KJV (King James Version) 1 And unto the angel of the church in Sardis write; These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars; I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead.. 2 Be watchful, and strengthen the things which remain, that are ready to die: for I have not found thy works perfect before God. 3:7.. 5 Ryrie, Ryrie Study Bible, 2018.. 6 Wiersbe, The Bible Exposition Commentary, Rev 3:7. Everything He said to the Laodicean church up to this point must be seen in light of this loving desire for fellowship. and the joy of our compassionate Saviour be completed. Despite having "little strength" (Revelation 3:8), the church of Philadelphia not only stayed faithful, but apparently the Lord gave them the ability to spread the Word with an "open door" (Revelation 3:8). Background: Sardis was also one of the oldest cities in Asia Minor.Sardis was a city of commerce that was noted for its carpet industry and was a very wealthy city. iii. The messages to the seven churches began in chapter 2 with the messages to the first four churches. In his letter to the church there, … Here is what some say about each of these periods as they relate to church history: Henry Morris, The Revelation Record (written in 1983), “Although it is by no means the dominant theme, there is a sense also in which the seven churches seem to depict the respective stages of development and change of Christ’s churches during the ensuing centuries. Philadelphian: From the mid 1700’s to the present; the church of 18th and 19th century revivals, worldwide missions movements, and renewed expectation of Jesus’ return. He promised to come in, and then to dine with the believer. It is called by the Turks Alah Shahr, or the beautiful city, on account of its delightful situation, standing on the declivity of the mountain Tmolus, and having a most pleasant prospect on the plains beneath, well furnished with divers villages, … Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. We need to hear what the Spirit says to the churches (in the plural sense), not just one church. According to Walvoord (p. 89), Laodicea was founded by Antiochus II in the middle of the third century before Christ and was named after his wife Laodice. It was founded by colonists from Pergamum under the reign of Attalus the Second, who ruled in Pergamum from 159 to 138 B.C. To him who overcomes I will grant to sit with Me on My throne, as I also overcame and sat down with My Father on His throne. 3 1 "To the angel of the church in Sardis write: These are the words of him who holds the seven spirits of God and the seven stars. ii. He knocks, saying, ‘open for me, my sister, my love.’. “The deipnon was the main meal of the day and was a leisurely affair, not a hurried snack.” (L. Morris) This speaks of fellowship. May God deliver us from the self-reliant, compromising lukewarmness that marked the church of the Laodiceans! The epistle to the Church of Philadelphia, Revelation 3:7-13. Thyatiran: 538 to 1520, the corrupt, political church of the Middle Ages. He knocked at their door, asking entry to come and dine with them, in the sense of sharing warm, intimate time. White garments, that you may be clothed: If they received from Jesus the pure, righteous covering He gives, then they would be clothed, and no longer would the shame of your nakedness… be revealed. The fifth of the Seven Churches was Sardis, which was 50 miles inland from the Aegean Sea and due east of Thyatira (modern Izmur). Though Jesus detested their lukewarmness, He would really rather them be hot with zeal rather than cold. Where there is no sin, there will be no sorrow; where there is the perfection of holiness, there will be the perfection of joy. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. Here our Lord Jesus styles himself, "The Amen;" one steady and unchangeable in all his purposes and promises. This was the meal at which a man sat and talked for long, for now there was time, for work was ended… it is not a mere courtesy visit, paid in the passing, which Jesus Christ offers to us. Philadelphos (Greek #5361) is the Greek for one who loves his brother. ii. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. i. As one commentator puts it, “The churches of all time are comprehended in seven.”. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. Jesus says, “I know the beautiful black that the world can clothe you in. I stand at the door and knock… If anyone hears My voice and opens the door: This statement of Jesus expressed a profound mystery. Revelation 3 continues the vision of the seven churches, specifically the churches of Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea. Revelation 3 - Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible . i. Philadelphia was about 40 miles (50 kilometres) east of Sardis. Here Jesus told the church in Philadelphia that he was the manager, and he used a set of phrases to establish this. The merchants of Laodicea were famous for a glossy black wool they used to make beautiful garments. Chapter 3: Letters to Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea "1 And unto the angel of the church in Sardis write; These things saith He that hath the Seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars; I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead." For example, it seems that the last four churches will persist until the coming of Jesus (see Revelation 2:25, 3:3, 3:11, and 3:20). 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