characteristics of modern nation state

Nation-States as mentioned above are countries where the social concept of “nation” becomes one with or coincides with the political concept of “state”. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! They have also been important forces in establishing and maintaining international antagonisms. It was a combination of the egalitarianism of the Revolution and the authoritarianism of Napoleon. The establishment of a nation-state can be considered the central demand of any nationalist movement. States are independent political unit that claim exclusive jurisdiction over defined territories and over all of the people and activities within them. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! The Union will use what they describe as “soft power”. As a result of the circumstances facing the turnaround of an ideal state, failed and rogue states have emerged to explain the current situation confronting certain countries of the world. The timeline on page 65 explains some key events that led to the rise of the nation-state. Principally, the loyalties and beliefs of nationalism have been motivating forces in the organization of complex, technological societies in the urban-industrial period. It enables a lot of the beaucracy that used to be involved with those issues to be by passed. Nation-states interests basically shapes the foreign policy of a nation, as the Nation-states needs; for instance when development is needed in the economical section the foreign policy of that nation changes to meet the needs for nation-state objectives therefore it starts to establishing or maintaining good relationship with other nations to enhance trade business. What is today referred to as the United States of America was once very independent states. ); the nation is a cultural and/or ethnic entity. The nation is a culture group residing within the territory of the political state. The E.U does not belong to specific country, each member state has a say in the running of the EU. The nation-states with all these four characteristics, came to be key actors in international relations. Japan is also seen as a state due to the limited authority powers of the Emperor he is seen as a ceremonial figurehead, he is defined by the constitution as “the symbol of the state and of the unity of the people”. The first European Union military missions were in the Balkans. This was a classic show of partnership between mainly the United States and the European Union that benefited the interest of both entities greatly. Sovereignty is the quality of having supreme, independent authority over a geographic area, such as a territory or region. In earlier centuries, it was the norm for kings to rule and kingdoms to reign supreme. And what about a Nation-State? Taking the United States as an example; the United States signed the North American free trade agreement (NAFTA) on January 1st 1994. The ECSC was the first organization to be based on the principles of supranationalism, later The Treaties of Rome were signed on 25 March 1957, by The Six countries, Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and West Germany. ; “EU and US end banana war”. There are fundamentally ten characteristics of the modern state that set it apart from earlier state formations. How the United States fits the criteria of and functions as a modern nation-state. According to the document “The European Union and the United States: Global partners, global responsibilities” The European Union and the United States of America hold regular presidential Summits to assess and develop transatlantic cooperation. “US in from the cold”. 14th Dec 2017 Disclaimer: This is an example of a student written essay.Click here for sample essays written by our professional writers. Linking the US, Canada and Mexico. A nation would typically inhabit a particular territory, country or region. This policy ensures that the United States protect not only its own but also the territory of its allies. The nation-state developed fairly recently. Walter, C., & Opello, (2004).The Nation-state and global order: a historical introduction to contemporary politics. Copyright © 2003 - 2021 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. In 1973 the European Union started to witness expansion to include new member states. Among the common culture of the United States are Individualism, Capitalism, Modernism, Religiosity, Secularism, and Consumerism. Nation-states typically have a more centralized and uniform public administration than their imperial predecessors because they are smaller and less diverse. The nation state promoted economic unity, by abolishing internal customs and tolls. This is done in order to maximize the potential of the collective abilities of these states, for example free trade, freedom of movement and freedom of job choice. (Rubinstein, Service, Science, & &, 2002). Two foreign policy objectives of the European Union are firstly Decisive diplomacy. The most obvious impact of the nation-state is the creation of a uniform national culture through state policy. Power is held chiefly by the Prime Minister of Japan and other elected members of the Diet, while sovereignty is vested in the Japanese people (National Diet of Japan, 2007) The Emperor effectively acts as the head of state on diplomatic occasions. Another example is when Americans felt the lack security after September 11th attacks; the foreign policy of Unites States lunched war on terror which involved in a war against extremists in Afghanistan and another war to disarm Iraq from the possessing alleged weapons of mass destruction, Similarity the EU nation-state which represent the interest of all EU countries by shaping the foreign policy to maintain the peace in Europe and the efforts to reduce global warming. With the emergence of a European common foreign and security policy and the European security and defense policy, the European Union became an increasingly solid international partner in many areas. This is a primary goal of every nation’s foreign policy, but the United States has been more successful in it than most. BBC News. This cultural thread makes the citizens of Quebec a nation within a larger nation-state of Canada, as Quebec does not have its own sovereignty. The governments are not always able to exercise this jurisdiction completely, but states can encourage or even force patterns of human activities to conform the political map. Nation-state in Japan express a shared identity of its own population, it has national symbols, above all a national flag and a national anthem, often a wide range of national emblems. By this they mean to engage the use of diplomacy, backed where necessary by trade, aid and peacekeepers to resolve conflicts and bring about international understanding. All work is written to order. Moreover Japan traditionally seen as an example of a nation-state and also the largest of the nation states, with population in excess of 120 million. This idea is almost never achieved. A Nation-State is the idea of a homogenous nation governed by its own sovereign state—where each state contains one nation. 2. The European Union is composed of 27 sovereign Member States: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. The nation state is a certain form of state that has a territory where mainly one nation is located. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Today these six countries are referred to as the “founding members.”. A top foreign policy goal of this country is to protect the territorial integrity of the country from foreign attack. Additionally, transitional countries have enhanced to compete with goals and identities of the nation; however, sometimes involving the subordination of public concerns. Take a deep breath and relax. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! A modern nation state is also an ethnic and cultural entity which citizens share a common culture, language and values, their border is also defined by natural border. What are the characteristics of a modern nation-state, according to John Green? Additionally it attempt to create and maintain national unity, and at least a minimal internal uniformity. We have previously considered the defining characteristics of the It should be noted that Japan has a small number of minorities such as Ryukyu peoples, Koreans, and Chinese, and on the northern island of Hokkaido, the indigenous Ainu minority. This essay will describe the characteristics of the modern nation-state, explain how the United States fits the criteria of and functions as a modern nation-state, discuss the European Union as a transnational entity, analyze how nation-states and transnational entities engage on foreign policy to achieve their interests, and the consequences of this interaction for international politics. *You can also browse our support articles here >. Start studying 4 Characteristics of Nation-States. After the 19th-century trium… European Union as a transnational entity: From the ideas of establishing sovereign state characterized by a union “federation” and the association of sovereign member states “confederation” the main development in Europe was on supranational foundationwhich is the method of decision-making in multi-national political communities, wherein power is transferred or delegated to an authority by governments of member states, this was carried out to tomake war unthinkable and materially impossible (Fontaine, & Europejskie, 2003), the most important events which lead to the establishment of the European Union were the foundation of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) in 1952, which was included six nations acted like an international organization serving to unify Western Europe during the Cold War and create the foundation for the modern-day developments of the European Union. According to one definition, "a nation state is a sovereign state of which most of its subjects are united also by factors which defined a nation such as language or common descent." The cooperation was expanded in the early 1950s with the creation of the European Coal and Steel Community. 2. These worked as the actors in the international environment and the international system came to be a nation-state system i.e. The basis for the EU’s common foreign and security policy (CFSP) remains ‘soft’ power: the use of diplomacy – backed where necessary by trade, aid and peacekeepers – to resolve conflicts and bring about international understanding. Furthermore, states ≠ nations: not every nation has a state (e.g., Kurds; Roma; Palestine). ( Oxford English Dictionary , 1989) … The United States government and the people of the United States have fought for years to achieve what today is a Nation-State governed by a common government. Looking for a flexible role? A nation state is a state in which a great majority shares the same culture and is conscious of it. Two foreign policy objectives of the United States are firstly to protect the territorial integrity of the home country and secondly to protect the Territorial Integrity of Allies. The function of the European Union (EU) is to enable closer relations between the member states. Some characteristics of modern nation state are a nation state serves as one having supreme, independent authority over a geographic area, a particular nation and also as a territory; it is also a political and geopolitical entity. No plagiarism, guaranteed! Some of the characteristics that make up a modern nation-state are; the population of the territory is united in the national identity and traditions, has an official language or languages and common descent, has an organized government, shall have independence and sovereign (self-ruled), and has a defined territory and/or boarders. These nations began to unite in 1949 with the Council of Europe. In earlier centuries, it was the norm for kings to rule and kingdoms to reign supreme. "Legitimate states that govern effectively and dynamic industrial economies are widely regarded today as the defining characteristics of a modern nation-state." For instance, since World War II, the United States has committed itself to protect the nations of Western Europe through NATO), as well as to protect nations on other continents: Japan, South Korea, and Israel. what a state is. * Commonly shared values. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. In conclusion the development of national states has been of vital importance in the modern world. In contrast, the nations of continental Europe were overrun twice in the twentieth century and repeatedly in the nineteenth century. Some of the characteristics that make up a modern nation-state are; the population of the territory is united in the national identity and traditions, has an official language or languages and common descent, has an organized government, shall have independence and sovereign (self-ruled), and has a defined territory and/or boarders. Around the fifteenth century, city-states gradually began to emerge as nation-states. Retrieved from http://www.sangiin.go.jp/eng/law/index.htm. Confused? Learn more about these characteristics and their importance to the creation and sustenance of a state. Usually a nation meets at least a few, though not all, of these criteria: * A common culture. * Commonly shared traditions. The European Union has proved its seriousness for ground protection of its interest. The Independent (London). But this nation-state was forced to be plunged into several problems. 1st Jan 1970 Politics This chapter examines the concept of the modern state in a developing world context. Boulder, US: LYNNE RINENNER. A nation-state is a specific form of state, which exists to provide a sovereign territory for a particular nation, and derives its legitimacy from that function. Reference this, Describing the characteristics of modern nation-state by giving describing Nation, State & Nation-state. An example was their response to the threat of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and of international terrorism that threatened the fragile peace process in the Middle East. March 1, 2010; Doyle, Leonard; McCarthy, Michael (November 20, 2008). Michael Oakeshott's 'Character of a modern European state' is perhaps the most brilliant conservative account of the equivocal nature of the modern nation. Some states may contain all or parts of multiple nations. The common values shared between Americans since the United States was founded in the 18th century, “Americans have defined themselves not by their racial, religious, and ethnic identity but by their common values and belief in individual freedom” (Friedman, 2008). Many would debate multiculturalism, but I would argue that the acceptance to be different is itself a common culture of the American people. This is in order to make the most of the collective abilities of the member states, for example free trade, freedom of movement, freedom of job choice. The United States is a one territory comprising of multiple states. Analyze how nation-states and transnational entities engage in foreign policy to achieve their interests & analyze the consequences of this interaction for international politics. While “nation-state” clearly refers to such common elements as territory, people, and an organized “sovereign” state structure, it is often given further content in terms of people sharing a common culture, sometimes even ethnicity. The member states of the European Union are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Japan is considered a nation as it has defined territories, government and the residents share a common culture. This extends way beyond the physical boarders. They came into existence at least partly as a result of political campaigns by nationalists. Sovereignty also creates a sort of recognition in for the state itself in the eyes of other states and, hence, allows for external affairs or ‘international relations’ to take place. This process began with the Inner Six, who founded the European Coal and Steel Community (the EU’s predecessor) in 1952. A centralized government that can claim and exercise authority over distinctive territory. A state does not necessarily rule a people with a common culture; it is merely a political concept. Later two new communities were created separately from ECSC, The executives of the new communities were called Commissions, as opposed to the “High Authority”. For instance, it was only during the time of the Renaissance and the Enlightenment in the late 17th and 18th centuries in Europe for the concept of the nation state to be born. A centralized government that can claim and exercise authority over distinctive territory. This idea is almost never achieved. Over the following decades additional countries joined the community. Company Registration No: 4964706. (2002).International bibliography of sociology. What factors contributed to the rise of nationalism worldwide? A Nation-State is the idea of a homogenous nation governed by its own sovereign state—where each state contains one nation. The nation-state system in international relations began taking shape around the year 1648 when the Thirty-year War in Europe was brought to an end by the Treaty of Westphalia. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. Analyze how nation-states and transnational entities engage in foreign policy to achieve their interests. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. One province in Canada, Quebec, uniquely speaks French-Canadian. The goals of U.S. foreign policy can be said to include the following: First, the central goal is to protect the nation’s physical security. Key decisions are taken by unanimous vote. All work is written to order. *You can also browse our support articles here >. The Birth of the Modern Nation State. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! Nation states have a cultural policy and a language policy for this purpose, and the educational system is often subordinated to this goal. Don't worry - you're not alone! The European Union was also formed as a means of bringing balance to the position of the United States as the only global super power. The EU was also formed as a counter balance to the position of the United States as the only global super power. 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