osteoporosis risk factors

Risk factors can be divided into controllable and uncontrollable factors. The bones that make up your spine (vertebrae) can weaken to the point of crumpling, which can result in back pain, lost height and a hunched forward posture. Read more on these complications and how to avoid them. Estrogen is vital for healthy bones … Osteoporosis risk factors. Osteoporosis is a bone disease. Women are at a greater risk of developing osteoporosis because of the rapid decline in oestrogen levels during menopause. If your first period was after age 15 Late production of sex hormones, can affect bone. Twitter For more tips on preventing osteoporosis and managing your risk factors, talk to your doctor. When you know your osteopenia and osteoporosis risk factors, you will understand why you developed the condition. The most important years for accumulating bone mass are from pre-adolescence to the age of 30. Many hormones in the body affect bone turnover. You can also get calcium from supplements. Female sex. People with anorexia nervosa may develop osteoporosis because of their severely restricted diet and lack of nutrient intake. For example, a number of the risk factors for osteoporosis are in the control of the individual, such as weight, while other risk factors cannot be controlled, such as family history of osteoporosis. When it comes to negative effects on bone health, chronic alcoholism is associated with: Certain medications and medical conditions can put you at risk for developing osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a result of imbalances between new bone formation and old bone resorption. The main characteristic of this condition is the decrease in bone mass density and increased skeletal fragility that leads to an increased risk … When oestrogen levels decrease, bones lose … Cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption, 14 Healthy Foods That Are High in Potassium, How to Quit Smoking Naturally — from an Eastern Perspective, 10 Best Antioxidant Drinks, Plus How They Benefit Your Health, The Best Nipple Creams for Breastfeeding Mamas, Debra Rose Wilson, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT, muscle strengthening exercises like lifting weights, issues with metabolism that also reduce bone health. Osteoporosis risk factors The following factors can increase a person's risk of developing osteoporosis, according to the Cleveland Clinic . In addition, osteoporosis is a recognized complication of specific diseases and disorders. Men also lose bone as they age, however testosterone levels in men decline more gradually so their bone mass remains adequate till later in life. The good news is, the effects of smoking on bone health seem to be reversible, which means if you smoke, quitting can help. If you’re taking any medications or supplements, talk with your doctor about the side effects and risks of the drugs. There are many ways to ramp up your intake of antioxidants, and adding some antioxidant drinks to your diet is one of them. Examples of high-impact exercises include: Your bones don’t become as strong if you’re inactive. Mos… Getting too much protein, sodium and caffeine. For example, a number of the risk factors for osteoporosis are in the control of the individual, such as weight, while other risk factors cannot be controlled, such as family history of osteoporosis. When you have osteoporosis, especially in advanced cases, even a sneeze can break bones. The risk of getting an osteoporotic fracture depends on the person's risk of falls, their bone strength (determined by bone mineral density [BMD]), and other risk factors. Some are modifiable, but it is not possible to avoid others. These risk factors include: These cannot be changed, but being aware of them can help you and your doctor keep a closer eye on your bone health. If you have a chronic disease or condition, ask your doctor about how it might affect your bone health. Other risk factors for osteoporosis may include: Being of European and Asian ancestry, the people most likely to have osteoporosis. Family history of osteoporosis. These include Kanis, J.A., et al., Alcohol intake as a risk factor for … The risk factors for osteoporosis explain its presence in certain population groups.Furthermore, it’s a common disease that can affect both men and women. A lack of foods that contain these nutrients can negatively affect bone density and lead to poorer health in general. Smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol excessively can increase your risk for osteoporosis. High-impact exercises can help build and maintain bone mass. Recall that advanced age and being female increase the likelihood for developing osteoporosis. The OST is a calculated risk index based on self reported age and weight (weight in kilograms - age in years) × 0.2, truncated to an integer. Broken bones or height loss. This article explains how much potassium you need per…. Bumping into something or a minor fall could cause fractures. In bone resorption, osteoclasts break down bone tissues and release certain minerals that transfer calcium from bone to blood. (Low body mass is defined as <19 kg/m 2 by NOGG and as <18.5 kg/m 2 by NICE.) Surgical menopause, an ovary/ovaries removed or hysterectomy Here are 10 of the best…. Some of these can be addressed and changed while others can’t. This article lists 14 of the foods highest in potassium. Dietary habits can increase your risk of developing osteoporosis. In the United States, nearly 53 million people either have osteoporosis or are at risk for developing it, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Calcium helps build bone, and vitamin D aids in maintaining bone strength and health. Risk factors [4, 5, 6] Clinical risk factors which are used to assess the risk of fracture are: Increasing age (risk increased partly independent of reducing BMD). These fractures frequently occur with little or no trauma. Research indicates that cigarette smoking may lead to bone loss and an increased risk of fracture. LinkedIn, Osteoporosis Australia Medical & Scientific Advisory Committee, Low calcium intake - adults require 1,000 mg per day (preferably through diet) which increases to 1,300 mg per day for women over 50 and men over 70, Low vitamin D levels - a lack of sun exposure can mean you are not getting enough vitamin D which your body needs to absorb calcium, Corticosteroids - commonly used for asthma, rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory conditions, Low hormone levels - in women: early menopause; in men: low testosterone, Thyroid conditions - over active thyroid or parathyroid, Conditions leading to malabsorption eg: coeliac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, Some chronic diseases eg: rheumatoid arthritis, chronic liver or kidney disease, Some medicines for breast cancer, prostate cancer, epilepsy and some antidepressants, Weight - thin body build or excessive weight (recent studies suggest that hormones associated with obesity may impact bones). Most modifiable risk factors directly impact bone biology and result in a decrease in bone mineral density (BMD), but some of them also increase the risk of fracture independently of their effect on bone itself. Osteoporosis Risk Factors. What are the risk factors for men? Whether a person develops osteoporosis depends on the thickness of the bones (bone density) in early life, as well as health, diet, and physical activity later in life. If you have a disorder of the hormone-producing glands, you may have a higher risk of developing osteoporosis. However, most experts don’t recommend beginning to drink for the possible health benefits. Low body mass and anorexia nervosa. Too much alcohol can cause bone loss and contribute to broken bones, but low levels of alcohol may be beneficial. Risk factors can be divided into controllable and uncontrollable factors. When oestrogen levels decrease, bones lose calcium and other minerals at a much faster rate. When barbecue season rolls around, pickles can be fair game for babies. Both men and women may have certain ‘risk factors’ that can make them more likely to develop osteoporosis. There are risk factors for osteoporosis that you can control. Last medically reviewed on August 15, 2019. Some people are more susceptible to osteoporosis than others. These can include long-term oral or injected corticosteroids, such as prednisone and cortisone. Osteoporosis can happen in both women and men. Dairy products are high in calcium, and some nondairy products have added calcium. Controllable Risk Factors. These risk factors include: Being female. Ask how your bone health may be affected and what steps you can take to offset any negative effects. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Risk factors for osteoporotic fracture can be split between nonmodifiable and (potentially) modifiable. Some people are more susceptible to osteoporosis than others. Making healthy lifestyle choices—like eating a balanced diet, avoiding smoking, and exercising regularly—help keep bones strong. Also, knowing your individual risk factors can suggest some changes you could make to improve your future bone density. While it’s not possible to predict whether or not you’ll develop osteoporosis, there are some characteristics and behaviors that increase the risk. As a result a bone loss of approximately 2% per year occurs for several years after menopause. Age. Osteoporosis risk factors explain its presentation in certain population groups. Caffeine is not a risk factor for osteoporosis. What is Osteoporosis? Being inactive or bedridden for long periods of time. Osteopenia, osteoporosis risk factors. Learn seven common myths about osteoporosis and bone health, dispelled by bone health expert Dr. Deborah Sellmeyer. With osteoporosis, the body may fail to form new bone or too much of the old bone is absorbed. Also learn how lifestyle changes, like drinking more water, can…. Just keep sodium content in mind. Having an inactive lifestyle. Being over age 50. Vitamin D is naturally available in fatty fish, such as salmon and tuna, and is added to milk, soymilk, and some cereals. People also use supplements to meet their vitamin D requirements but should be careful that they aren’t getting too much because many other supplements contain this vitamin. The pain, suffering, and economic costs will be enormous. Toll Free:1800 242 141, Connect with OA (Having a mother with an … By knowing what factors increase the likelihood of developing osteoporosis, you can take steps to reduce your risk and take an active role in building bone health. However, experts recommend getting as much calcium as possible from food first. Various factors contribute to the risk of developing osteoporosis. Excessive dieting or having an eating disorder, such as anorexia nervosa. Osteoporosis usually does not have a noticeable effect on people until they are 60 or older. Osteoporosis risk factors were quantified using the Osteoporosis Self Assessment Tool (OST) described 15 and validated by Richy et al 16 to calculate risk for osteoporosis. An early menopause (under 45 years) Levels of oestrogen drop which can affect bone. Doctors have identified several risk factors for osteoporosis. Women's lighter, thinner bones and longer life spans are part of the reason they have a higher risk. As you can see, many of the risk factors for osteoporosis may actually be in your control. Medication use is theoretically modifiable, although in many cases, the use of medication that increases osteoporosis risk may be unavoidable. Parental history of hip fracture. A woman going through the Menopause Levels of oestrogen drop which can affect bone. Osteoporosis risk factors. Certain conditions and medications can impact on your bone health. Being female. Osteoporosis is a serious metabolic bone disorder that results in fractures of the wrist, hip and vertebrae. Usually the loss of bone takes many years before osteoporosis develops. These can indicate low bone density. It is important to note if anyone in your family (particularly parents or siblings) has ever been diagnosed with osteoporosis, broken a bone from a minor fall or rapidly lost height. To diagnose osteoporosis, doctors will perform physical exams, ask questions about your medical history and symptoms, and test your bone mineral…. © 2005-2021 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. 2. A vitamin D deficiency may resul… There are many people living with osteoporosis who are at a high risk for bone fracture but have not yet been diagnosed. A low intake of calcium contributes to bone density depletion, an increased risk of fractures and early bone loss. Facebook People who don’t have osteoporosis are unlikely to break bones in those situations. Smoking can be especially problematic when it occurs along with low weight, low physical activity, and poor diet. Women going through menopause have a higher risk of developing osteoporosis. One drink a day for women and two for men has been tenuously linked to better bone density. Osteoporosis, known as the “silent thief,” can cause bones to deteriorate over a number of years without any signs or symptoms, until a bone breaks. Additional Risk Factors for Women. Menopause. Osteoporosis Australia Office:(02) 9518 8140 1 in 3 women and up to 1 in 4 men will have an osteoporosis-related fracture in their lifetime. Age : Bones typically become thinner and weaker with age . Hormonal factors are associated with an increased risk of developing osteoporosis in women compared to men. Low intake of calcium– When levels of calcium have been lacking for most of one’s life, osteoporosis may occur. All rights reserved. Both men and women may have certain ‘risk factors’ that can make them more likely to develop osteoporosis. Find your major risk factors from this list: 1. They can help you take steps to keep your entire body as healthy as possible. We've rounded up a few of the best nipple creams on the market to help soothe and heal the skin around your nipples during pregnancy and breastfeeding. People should discuss risk factors with their doctor, and anyone over 50 with risk factors may require a bone density scan. Smaller, thinner people have less bone mass to … It is a common disease that can affect both men and women. Osteoporosis can be a limiting disease, but it is partly preventable. Some diseases may weaken bones and increase the risk of osteoporosis and fractures. A diet without enough calcium and vitamin D can contribute to weak bones. Low body weight/being small and thin. Family history. Factors that will increase the risk of developing osteoporosis are: Female gender, Caucasian or Asian race, thin and small body frames, and a family history of osteoporosis. Only 3% of Americans get enough of the essential mineral potassium. It is also possible for both events to occur. There are two types of risk… Nutritional/gastrointestinal problems (lactose … Factors that increase the risk for osteoporosis in both men and women include: But because of the skin cancer risk, getting vitamin D from other sources is recommended. Potassium is a mineral that's involved in muscle contractions, heart function and water balance. Risk increases as people age. Several risk factors have been linked to osteoporosis in men: Chronic diseases that affect the kidneys, lungs, stomach, and intestines or alter hormone levels; Regular use of certain medications, such as glucocorticoids; Undiagnosed low levels of the sex hormone testosterone Osteoporosis can lead to other issues and conditions. A risk factor is defined as a variable that is linked to an increased probability of developing a disease or adverse outcome. Some of these factors include: Lifestyle Being older than 65 years Having broken a bone after the age of 50 A close relative having broken a bone or having osteoporosis Poor or fair health Smoking Being underweight for a specific height Menopause before the age of […] Hip fractures often are caused by a fall and can result in disability and even an increased risk of death within the first year after the injury.In some cases, spinal fractures can occur even if you haven't fallen. Uncontrollable Risk Factors. Osteoporosis Prevention Basics A healthy diet and certain types of exercise, among other things, can help to cut your osteoporosis risk. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Inactivity leads to less protection against osteoporosis. Hormone-related disorders that can trigger osteoporosis include: overactive thyroid gland; disorders of the adrenal glands, such as Cushing's syndrome Being a female athlete, if you have infrequent menstrual cycles due to low body fat. Not getting enough calcium and vitamin D. Not eating enough fruits and vegetables. People should discuss risk factors with their doctor, and anyone over 50 with risk factors may require a bone density scan. Find out how to stop smoking naturally with Eastern approaches, such as acupuncture. Osteoporosis can be a debilitating condition. As a result, doctors recommend diagnostic testing to those who are at risk of developing osteoporosis. There are characteristics you can’t control that can increase your risk of developing osteoporosis. Bone health can be strongly inherited so consider your family history of osteoporosis. Hormone and autoimmune disorders can also increase your risk of developing osteoporosis. Read on to learn more. Changes in hormones caused by smoking might alter the activity and function of bone cells as well. There’s no way to completely prevent it, but there are risk factors that you can be aware of. Here’s what adults should know about osteoporosis, including risk factors, screening, and treatment. Prevention of osteoporosis should ideally begin in childhood, aiming to achieve high peak bone mass accompanied by an inherently healthy lifestyle throughout life, in order to minimize bone loss during middle and third age, and in parallel to avoid or diminish other fracture risk factors. This condition makes bones become very weak and puts you at risk of breaking bones during normal activity. Body frame. The health risks involved with drinking can be extreme. Heredity. Risk factors affecting bone strength that: Reduce BMD include: … Among these, the more common diseases and disorders are: Rheumatoid arthritis (note: this is a major and common risk factor!) 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