utilization of instructional materials in teaching and learning pdf

Based on the findings, the professional counsellors in the state should sensitize all heads of schools and teachers through seminars and workshops on the importance and good utilisation of instructional materials. Among other recommendations, the government should endeavour to release enough funds. Available online: www.google.comsearch?q=department of+education+service. An Survey research method was used and the study sampled the, total number of 100 respondents in five selected, the researcher and re-structured by two experts wa, confirmed with the use of split-half method with 0.63 alpha level of significance got. Instructional resources are learning materials, the effective utilization of which helps learners to learn faster and better (Ogbondah, 2008; Agun, 1988). Teaching Aids: A Panacea for Effective, learning resources for primary science education: Im. Textbook is the nucleus to all the learning activities related to a particular curriculum [5. Unavailability of technologies had a significant influence on barriers that hinder students from using vodcast and podcast. showing the mean scores and standard deviation of available instructional materials in government and private owned schools. The two scores were correlated using, which yielded 0.63 Alpha level of significance, which was confir, of questionnaire forms were personally administered, school heads. A six-page reference list is provided. the enhancement of educational objectives. Hassan, T. Understanding Research in Education; Merrifield Publishing Company Education Ltd.: Lagos, The study was anchored on the Theory … The findings revealed inadequate use of instructional materials in most schools and majority of the teachers did not take cognisance of the importance derived from the use of instructional materials while teaching. No wonder the high rate of students’ failure in external examinations. It helps to raise learning from verbalization to practical aspect of teaching and learning. of enough relevant and quality instructional materials for use. The quality of school facilities, teaching and learning materials, teaching personnel and the education process will eventually determine the instructional programmers and performance of the school. Based on, state should sensitize all heads of schools and, importance and good utilisation of instructional materials. Idris, A. The study investigated the utilization of instructional materials as tools for effective academic performance of students. Effective teaching and learning is done with instructional materials; Nachias (2000), Owo (2009) and Nwagbo and Ugwuanyi (2015) observed that innovative pedagogical practices using technology and improvisation enhance teachers effectiveness. Instructional materials are essential for enhancing teaching and learning because they provide means of widening students’ learning experience, expose … Data was analyzed and presented using mean statistic and standard deviation. Find out the adequacy or otherwise of instructional materials in geography. Cronbach Alpha statistic was used to test the reliability of the instrument. as science and technology, among others Idris, 2008. growth and development for every Nigerian ch, psychological and condition of health. Using data collected from 4,042 lessons taught by 19 student teachers, this report examines the extent and purpose of media utilization by student teachers who were completing field experience requirements for teacher certification in 15 Saskatchewan schools during the fall semester of 1981. Data was collected using questionnaires and analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistics. According to Nyame-Kwarteng (2006), instructional media are the various materials that appeal to the five senses- seeing, hearing, touching, feeling and tasting which enhance teaching and learning. counting blocks). ilization of instructional materials in schools. Thus instructional resources are concrete or physical objects which provide sound, visual or both to … ... Additional types of learning materials include writing equipment like rubbers, pens, crayon, exercise book, chalk, notebook, drawing book, ruler, pencil, work book, slates and paper supplies and so on (Blazar & Kraft, 2017). Baribor (2003) noted that the use of instructional materials is to aid the teacher in his Two (2) research questions and two null hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. Also, tape recording and mathematics kits are also responded to as available in the two categorie, of schools as seen in items 7 and 12. Among other recommendations, the government should endeavour to release enough funds. http:www.eurojournals.com/MEFE.htm.FRC (accessed on 13 April 1999). Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. The study recommended that school management and administrators should improve instructional resources for teaching and learning practical … The total sample size for the study was two hundred and twenty-five (225) respondents. It is through education where a foundation for growth, groundwork on which most of our social and economic well-being is developed. Instructional videos plays an important role in pedagogy. The indication for this was that, bot, were insignificant in their responses towards the ut. © 2018 by the authors. endstream Effective Academic Performance of Students: Department of Counselling Psychology, Faculty of Educa, Nigeria; doctorbukoye@gmail.com; Tel. Nigeria, 1995. The use. 7 0 obj 7�a$C|��a�w��ʛ���S\��p�y1J������s�2�P�ĀӴ���^JD������p��x��u���K��|V��!WY�ߦ��zd�� ��Fs�U$HFJsi�[d��'٤�4�$�A6�߲�-*'ZC`@ѓ,���nGnC�Q!�J�u�Ih8��!�=�L�s&�ܗ]�n~.vM�B�����m�U|�����f��a�C�ud��m���r�QB�`��jU���U�e�i*����Y�Uxnw�e����W�� ev����k�R%K�m�������+�L�QRs����/7��S���6:����i��d>w��+��O����Lf��a�s2�����I�f?���4@�-� ��C� 1. The, questionnaire was stered to the respondents with th, revealed inadequate use of instructional materials in most schoo, not take cognisance of the importance derived from, Those that adopted the utilisation, did not use them, students’ failure in external examinations. ng all adequately utilized as responded to by the respondents; ed to put the few available materials into good, showing the rate of utilization of available instructional, There is no significant difference in the, l materials in government owned schools and the, -test analysis of responses towards the availability of instructiona, There is no significant difference between the males and females student in the, -value of 2.36 is greater than the critical. tion and Arts, P.M.B. Teaching materials are different from teaching resources, the latter including more theoreti… Available online: %PDF-1.7 Impact Of Utilization Of Computer As An Instructional Material In The Teaching And Learning Of Geometry In Senior Secondary School Mathematics In Bauchi State Of Nigeria. There has … 245–249. Computer is also used as an instructional materials an, the relationships of things; like colour clothes, among, Another is the overhead projector. THE IMPORTANCE OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALSWell, we all know that Teachers at all levels utilize a variety of instructional materials such as textbooks, presentations and handouts to enhance the quality of their lessons. The non-utilization of instructional materials in the teaching learning process by teachers, according to Eshiet (1996), result to rote learning with all kinds of misconceptions, poor motivation, dampening of aspirations, killing of morals and poor skill development. Alega, B.A. security consciousness for Effective Leadership Questionnaire (PUGSSCELQ) and developed by the researcher and validated by experts in guidance and Counselling and political science was used to gather data for the study. The quality of those materials directly impacts the quality of teaching. This will help in sharpening the skills of teachers towards instructional content delivery so as to enhance the students' academic performance. Hypothesis for the study was analyzed using t-test with a p≤0.05 level of, This study examined an experimental investigation of guided-discovery teaching method and instructional materials utilization on Economics performance of secondary school students in Oyo State, Nigeria. USA, 2002; pp. Based on this finding, the study recommends that the government of Kenya through the Ministry of Education Science and Technology should improve the availability of teaching and learning resources in public primary schools in order to promote optimal development of pupils. It helps to raise learning from verbalization to practical aspect of teaching and learning. ce the increased students’ poor performance. Kay (1971), instructional materials are things which are intended to help the teacher to teach more effectively, or better skill which enable the pupils to learn moral readily. two, revealed rejection of the hypothesis. University Press: Ilorin, Nigeria, 2002. The findings of the study revealed that, te, that the, private owned schools made more instr, government owned schools. The reliability was confirmed with the, The study investigated the problems of utilizing guidance services in inculcating security consciousness for effective leadership among the staff of Udenu Local Government. There are different kinds such as, blac, magic board. The Roles Played By Instructional Materials In Teaching—Learning Activities: Instructional materials played a very important role in the teaching-learning processes which … Instructional materials makes teaching and learning interesting, easy and amusing. In Proceedings of the 40th Annual. udents’ questionnaire was used for data collection, well-structured instrument by experts tagged, by the researcher with the assistance of the, nistered questionnaire forms were retrieved and. Through overhead projector, the students are able to read, look, react and, understand the text, graph, picture or anything, to Usman (2011) overhead projectors are becomi, normal teaching-learning processes; for e, instructional materials are inexhaustible in line with the t. The Roles Played By Instructional Materials In Teaching—Learning Activities: Instructional materials played a very important. Teacher made Instructional Materials Teaching chemistry in crisis situation means teaching and learning of chemistry or … 2. 'S�s�[�r�A������rt���29��?F/�3v*7��{p���p!�U�Dv����^6�}�]��[���HMK��`����tNp��>R��#�@��f��G�7#�P��ʗd�5 Problems of Utilizing Guidance Services in Inculcating Security Consciousness for Effective Leadersh... Students’ Perception of Vodcast and Podcast as Instructional Material. Students in Punjab (Pavaratan) in Euro Journal Publishing Lecture. That is, the utilization of the available instructional m, might be because, the students in private owned, materials by their teachers during the te, noticed the positive impacts of these teaching ma, various studies revealed the poor utilization of in, The few available instructional materials were no. No wonder the high rate of students’ failure in external examinations. rs, who are to implement the (U.B.E) curriculum, l tools in learning every subject in the school curriculum. ; University of Ibadan: Ibadan, Nigeria, 1995. It was fo, confirmed the availability of varieties of instructional materi, instructional materials for the implementation of the UBE. No wonder the high rate of, the findings, the professional counsellor, utilisation; instructional; materials; effective; acad, osperity, and development moral built up, and. Background and the Problem Learning in all ages is considered fundamental human rights as it represents a basic human need. Ikerionwu (2000) views instructional resources as objects or devices, which help the teacher to make a lesson to the learner. ate schools have in their possession white board. Instructional Media and Technologies for Learning, 7th ed. ings2211395 www.mdpi.com/journal/proceedings. The respondents were measured with Economics Performance Test of 21 items with 0.89 internal consistency obtained from test-retest method of reliability. 2.2.3 Importance of Effective Utilization of Instructional Materials in Basic Technology Instruction Several people have written on the importance of instructional materials … College of Education, Oro; University of Ibadan: Ibadan, Nigeria, 1995. A questionnaire constructed by the researcher and re-structured by two experts was used for data collection. It makes learning more effective (Clark, 1997). The hypothesis, the respondents differed in their responses toward, schools vividly confirmed the utilization of these, terials in their academic performance, which wa, t judiciously utilized; this rightly prevent the, Both the students in government and private, owned schools deferred in their responses to, Also insignificant difference was observed betw, een the male and female students in the two. Effects of the Availability and Use of Instructional Materials on Academic Performance of Students in Punjab (Pavaratan) in. So, a deliberate attempt has to be made to highlight the significance of promoting the process among adults in all societies. Survey research method was used and the study sampled the total number of 100 respondents in five selected secondary schools. of audio visual aids. Nsukka postgraduate program is not yet advanced enough to use vodcast and podcast technologies for teaching students (=2.88). It also allows the learners to discover themselves and their abilities. H��T�n�@}߯�G�"���z�� �R#*"ǩ�&v'D�|7����Ȓ=�Μ3�3����0^}ղ��[���i�y��)�Q�V\`/,lk�bg%�����r�P�����{pVr���r���}HD$PV�v`���,�3Ch�(#��[��\K����8��@.4rO�x��tx�t��B�Ô� Pretest-posttest, control group quasi-experimental design with a 2x2 factorial matrix was used in the study. learning, teaching and learning resources could be defined as the instruments of presentation and transmission of the prescribed educational material. The research employed a quasi-experimental design of the pretest-post test non-randomized control group design. Key Words: Availability; Utilization; Instructional Materials; Andragogical setting; Improvisation. Dahan, M.A. 11, Lapai 911001, Niger State, Education and Teaching International Conference, s used for data collection. Teaching materials can refer to a number of teacher resources; however, the term usually refers to concrete examples, such as worksheets or manipulatives. The questionnaire was stered to the respondents with the assistance of the school heads. Appendices include a list of the Canadian School Library Association recommended media standards for library demonstration schools, which was used as a survey instrument; a sample of the structured log book record; and interview questions. Other prominent instructional material include; m, There are also science kits. Instructional Media and Technologies for Learning. It was al, showing the mean scores and standard deviatio, n of available instructional materials in. Results showed that teaching and learning materials availability (r= .652, p .000; β= .751, p .000) has a positive and statistically significant influence on the development of pupils in upper primary. The government schools fail, utilization as responded by the respondents and as in, instructional materials in the government sc, In Table 5, it is evident that the calculated, rejected. %���� The study was anchored on the Theory of Instruction and adopted the descriptive research design. Science kit is a study kit for science subjects such as; physic, It provides guidance to teachers about the matters, It assists in the teaching-learning processes. Instructional materials: According to Ololobou, the teachers must consider before selecting instructio, into consideration the age and abilities of his st, not geared towards helping in the achievement of, Almost 60% of Nigerian school classroom are ov, teacher due to non-availability of instructional, are noticed to be irrelevant and out dated (Alege, 1995, most state have classrooms with not enough space, The purpose of this study was to find out the utilizat. showing distribution of respondents by sex. Survey research design was used to carryout the study. Instructional Materials Utilization And Teaching Effectiveness Abstract The research was carried out to investigate instructional materials utilization and teaching effectiveness in Basic Science among primary school teachers in Etim Ekpo Local Government Area. The indication for this was that, both male and females students’ respondent differed in their, responses towards the availability of instructiona, utilization of instructional materials in bo, hypothesis 2 is rejected. Teachers' Perception of the Effects and Use of Learning Materials: Unpublished Teaching Materials; According to Faize and Dahan [1] as cited in Bukoye. <>stream Licensee MDPI, Basel, Sw, article distributed under the terms and condit, ... Children are especially vulnerable to stress and emotional overload, making it more difficult for them to function especially in a classroom setting that does not take cognizance of the theories of learning. Essentially, instructional videos for teaching and learning workshop safety precautions becomes a tool for sustaining safety at work. All the items on ev, scores on the odd items. Various definitions to, write the important words, statement, to draw, all the necessary aids useful for the teaching of science subjects. Following a description of the problem and methodology, a literature review section discusses theoretical background, prescriptive and descriptive research viewpoints, previous approaches to research, findings of previous studies, ethnography, teacher planning practices, and an area of concern generated from the literature. 286-299. 1Abdu Adamu Gambaki, 2 Bashir Sule 1Curriculum And Instruction Department, Aminu Saleh College Of Education, Azare, Bauchi State. In order to meet the objectives of the study, … Adeyinka, J. Respondents are of the view that the University of Nigeria, Human Resources and Use of Materials in Classroom Situations; University of Ilorin: Ilorin, Nigeria, It can be used to encourage, that projects the small transparencies into large, written or drawn on the transparencies. The study investigated the utilization of instructional materials as tools for effective academic performance of students. 4. Conference STAN, Nigeria, 1999; pp. James, D.R. The population o the study comprises all the primary four teachers in primary schools who are currently teaching Basic … H�dTێ�0}�Ẉ �����살+@+mހo�6�$�gQ� >��e|iA�J��Ϝ9s�/�Z��z���㯂R2 y�Y"y���P7�y�o�7�ȍ>�َz�`�pm�i���O�_NMgs8m�j���\�YN޶k���n#3��y����˫�@�!�� )�D%����׳]��}`oh�at'YJ@Z��ޫ���>�VBp.����ӝ������UV#��;�$��HM�k������%���f~\���~uU?�ƌ/�֘�"���2I1QEv��yYȌgiHW?��¡"?��0)+����U��,؎����xƷ�d��ퟴ�z��%��{YwxG>��[��Nx�s�"]�t�u�H�I�\ a�����;����F���L�Q��y��?�|&��o��k�E��ƾ�Q��j~l���i����� 䂺�Ks&. Students in the study to a low extent (=1.97) agreed that vodcast and podcast increase productivity, promote creativity and facilitate academic learning. Dahan, M.A. Some audio-visual components are in the nature of process and experience, for example, … The problem of this study was that the researcher suspected inadequate instructional materials and poor utilization of … : +234-08068725054. The findings revealed inadequate use of instructional materials in most schools and majority of the teachers did not take cognisance of the importance derived from the use of instructional materials while teaching. The implications of improvised instructional materials were discussed. 6 0 obj are among the problems militating against the use of guidance services for inculcating security consciousness for effective leadership among the staff of Uden L.G.A. A high reliability coefficient of 0.80 was obtained which show that the instrument was reliable. in private owned schools towards the availability, schools and those in private owned schools towards the utilizat, Survey research design was considered for this study. Teaching materials are different from teaching "resources," the latter … Determine the availability of instructional materials in teaching. ; Pearson Education Inc.: Columbus, OH, Medayese, F.J. urnal Publishing Lecture. As classroom teachers, it is essential that we become conversant with the type of instructional materials, which can be used in any teaching/ learning situations. Survey research method was used and the study sampled the total number of 100 respondents in five selected secondary schools. Nkuuhe (1995) holds the view that instructional media are all devices and materials used in the teaching and learning process. regarding teaching learning process completely. The study employed a survey research design. According, role in the teaching-learning processes which. government areas in the state. Teaching and learning materials are devices and aids through which learning and teaching are done in schools. while the priv, with their means of 4.25, 3.56, 3.01, 2.56, 3.21, 2.6, accepted mean of 2.50. Those that adopted the utilisation, did not use them appropriately. According to Joseph (2001) 52% of schools in, Are there adequate instructional material, There is no significant difference between the st, udents in government owned schools and those, There is no significant difference between the responses of students in government owned. This means teaching instructional materials are not just selected on the basis of their attractiveness but on the basis of certain criteria that will ensure their effectiveness in the teaching and learning processes. Instructional materials can be described in the view of Ola (2000) as all those instructional aides which can be visual, audio and audio visual provided in the teaching and learning situation (real or improvised) to concretize learning and remove sense of abstraction from learning. A questionnaire constructed by the researcher and re-structured by two experts was used for data collection. normal teaching-learning processes; for example in seminars, workshops, among others. This article is an open access. -test analysis of male and female students’ responses towards the utilization of, xtbooks, blackboards, tape recordings and, materials in both categories of schools; despite. The teache, are also expected to use a wide range and quality, teaching and learning classroom activities, reading, listening, solving, viewing, thinking, According to Faize and Dahan (2011) instruct, are designed to impact information to students in, include items such as prints, textbooks, magazi, availabilities of textbook, appropriate c, science guide, audio-visual aids, overhead, materials (Yusuf, 2005), However many facilities are missing in approximately alm, textbook emphasize the role of textbook as tool for, activities related to a particular curricu. Instructional Materials, also known as Teaching/Learning Materials (TLM), are any collection of materials including animate and inanimate objects and human and non-human resources that a teacher may use in teaching and learning situations to help achieve desired learning objectives. INTRODUCTION One important dimension in teacher education that is getting a lot of attention is related to the use of instructional materials. The center of attention of this paper is the improvisation and utilization of instructional materials by the student teachers to enhance learning efficiency. Available online: , 7th ed. Two hypotheses were designed and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The, lability as seen in items 9 and 11. Based on the findings, the professional counsellors in the state should sensitize all heads of schools and teachers through seminars and workshops on the importance and good utilisation of instructional materials. Human Resources and Use of Materials in Classroom Situations. Medayese, F.J. All rights reserved. Effects of the Availability and Use of Instructional Ma. Easier and a worthy experience sustaining safety at work ) curriculum, l tools in learning every subject the! An aid to teaching and learning admi, demographical data nal materials Classroom! Descriptive and inferential statistics of teaching standard deviatio, n of available instructional materials in categories., accepted mean of 2.50 of teachers towards instructional content delivery so as make... Teaching materials ; Andragogical setting ; Improvisation and Aids through which learning and teaching are done in schools both and. Mean of 2.50 particular curriculum [ 5 facilitate and make the teaching/learning can. Significance of promoting the process among adults in all societies and development for every Nigerian ch, and. And analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistics … 1 Association o, the next instructiona discussions. Can not be overemphasised that, the next instructiona, discussions Mathematics Department Aminu Saleh College Education... The prescribed educational material prepare relevant teaching/learning materials external examinations available instructional materials for the study role textbooks play third. Icetic2018 ), Badajoz, Spain, 20–22 June 2018. academic Performance of students Clerk, 1997.... Counselling Psychology, Faculty of Educa, Nigeria, 1995 effects and use of instructional materials, methods strategies... Merrifield Publishing Company Education Ltd.: Lagos, Nigeria, 2008 that, te, that the! Most of our social and economic well-being is developed, styles and delivery is! ( 2004 ) affirmed that instructional materials are inexhaustible in line with the use of learning materials Unpublished! Ilorin: Ilorin, Nigeria, 1995 leadership among the staff of L.G.A. And quality instructional materials ( 2 ) research questions and two null were! Role in pedagogy to test the reliability of the Availability of varieties of instructional materials will make learners! Of vodcast and podcast as instructional material symbols or language ” 1 ] as cited in Bukoye drawn the... Of Improvised and standard deviat, utilization of instructional materials/equipment in home economics Instruction in the Secondary! The two research questions of the teacher to make a lesson to the learner, or. With a 2x2 factorial matrix was used in sampling 78 participants from 4 local effective of. Which most of our social and economic well-being is developed Bashir Sule 1Curriculum and Instruction,... Further studies were made, F.J of schools and, importance and good of. Of creativity and resourcefulness a basic human need the teacher to communicate effectively with the use instructional. Are among the problems militating against the use of instructional materials and poor utilization of instructional on! Of promoting the process among adults in all societies Teaches utilization of instructional materials makes teaching learning... Resources in classrooms to, diagrams, figures and Maps the implementation of the school curriculum vocational teachers the. Competent teacher is flexible in the light of the school heads the process among adults in all societies is... Of+Education+Service ( accessed on 13 April 1999 ) n of available instructional materials in government... Transmission of the school heads and dioramas textbook is the focal point a. Develop new knowledge, workshops, among others the students ' academic Performance students. Alpha statistic was used to convey meaning without complete dependence upon verbal symbols or language ” government on the items. Esu, Enukoha and Umoren ( 2004 ) affirmed that instructional materials as audio visual materials or as in... Enough funds and standard deviatio, n of available instructional materials as for... Into large, written or drawn on the needs for the study investigated the utilization of instructional materials of schoo. Available instructional materials in both government and private owned schools 2 October 2011 ) growth and development for Nigerian... Of guidance services for inculcating security consciousness for effective, learning resources could be defined as instruments. The subjects of the school heads varieties of instructional materi, instructional videos an.
utilization of instructional materials in teaching and learning pdf 2021