This is a major constraint to Cowpea production especially in West Africa, because their damage can be as high as 80-100% if not well managed. Cowpea-growing farmers were purposively sampled, and the questionnaires administered to obtain information on types of seeds, sources of seeds, cowpea varieties grown, number of production seasons per year, area under cowpea, cropping systems, harvesting, and postharvest handling of cowpea seeds. Similarly, cowpea seeds and the roots of Lannea edulis (Sond.) <> Among top 20 countries by production volume. Thirty-three farmers were interviewed in Wote, 26 in Makindu, and 55 in Mwatate subcounties. A lso typical journal titles contributing to cow-pea research are catalogued and ranked. 0000001121 00000 n This is a quick production guide for cowpea. Share in Production % Production Quantity. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual leguminous crop which is grown for its seeds and leaves, and its residues can used as livestock fodder. 0000023966 00000 n 7 0 obj <> 0000044154 00000 n Production areas in South Africa Cowpea is grown in the following provinces: Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpumalanga, North West and KwaZulu-Natal. This facilitator’s guide is written in English but depending on your audience, you may need to make your presentation in the local language. 0000020581 00000 n endobj Cowpea has a huge economic value in different countries of the world including Nigeria. 0000002049 00000 n MOALF/SHEP PLUS Training Title: Cow Pea Production Objective: To provide a guideline on production of Cow Pea Specific Objective: • To provide basic information on production, post-harvest handling, and marketing of Cow Pea leaves Contents: 1. 37 Full PDFs related to this paper. Season June – July (Rainfed), February – March (irrigated) PKM 1: Seed rate 20 kg of seeds/ha is required. Cowpea is not likely to persist outside cultivated fields. 0000006123 00000 n 0000005406 00000 n INTRODUCTION. Cereals. Relevant people were selected for interviews, especially from the cowpea breeder value chain, but some of them did not respond to our queries. 0000002737 00000 n Cowpea grown as a dried pea product can be direct combined using a platform head or a row crop head. There is a low percentage of hard seeds (FAO, 2012). �UUuHw��k���6����^Ya�����b���lc�ZRSG��L)P�3)@"]r��`�C? ���� JFIF ` ` �� ZExif MM * J Q Q �Q � �� ���� C Table 4.5: Gross Value of Cowpea Produced per Hectare by each Sampled District 75 Table 4.6: Cowpea Productivity and Proportion of Output Sold per Sampled District 77 Table 4.7: Chi-Square Test of Differences in Levels of Proportion of Output Sold 77 Table 4.8: Triple Hurdle Model (THM) Estimates of Cowpea Production, Market Participation 1 0 obj Country. 0000001028 00000 n <> i56/21653/2012 a thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of master of science (microbiology) in the school of pure and applied sciences of kenyatta university. 0000002252 00000 n 11 1982 . We are always interested in improving our product, so if you have suggestions, comments, or questions please contact us. Application of a phosphate fertiliser is usually beneficial. 0000020071 00000 n endobj 10 0 obj Cowpea is generally adapted to poor soils and its tolerance to drought, which makes its cultivation attractive to the drier parts of the Nigeria savannas. Scaling out Cowpea Production in Northern Ghana, Community Seed Production Scheme Pan-African Grain Legume and World cowpea conference 28 February to 4 March 2016 Livingstone, Zambia J. Yirzagla, I.D.K. 0000004818 00000 n Varieties Co 2, VBN 2, Pusa Komal, PKM 1 and Arka Garima are commonly cultivated. endobj The decoction made from the seeds of cowpea and the roots of Euclea divinorum Hiern or Terminalia sericea Burch ex DC. 0000001776 00000 n It is estimated that total annual cowpea grain production in the world is valued at approximately USD 1.13 - 2.81 billion. 0000026979 00000 n Soil Well drained soil with rich organic matter content and warm humid climate is best suited for the cultivation of vegetable cowpea. 0000037959 00000 n There are approximately 4,000 seeds/lb (Woodruff et al., 2010), and there are about 60 lb/bushel of grain (Murphy, 1993). stream The grain can be stored short term at around 12% moisture or less, with 8 to 9% recommended for long term storage. endobj under cowpea production are determined by family labour and particularly women, and its preferences vary by region for different seed size; colour, texture of 0000029814 00000 n 0000005366 00000 n COWPEA Botanical Name -Vigna anguiculata Synonymous - Lobia, Barbati, Black eyed pea Origin -Africa Importance This crop is known as drought hardy nature, its wide and droopy leaves keeps soils and soil moisture conserved due to shading effect. Five cowpea production constraint areas were identified (i) seed production/access (ii) field production (iii) storage/utilization (iv) marketing (v) intellectual property. 0000010029 00000 n ",#(7),01444'9=82. endobj Cowpea is one of common names in English: cowpea, bachapin bean, black-eyed pea, southern, crowder pea, china pea and cowgram; in Afrikaans: akkerboon, swartbekboon, koertjie; in Zulu: isihlumaya; in Venda: munawa (plant), nawa (fruits) imbumba, … 0000001798 00000 n As a legume, cowpea fixes its own nitrogen, and does not need nitrogen fertiliser. It is slightly larger than soybeans and kidney shaped. Cowpea Production. Introduction: Background, Common Varieties and Optimal Ecological Requirements 2. Raising the average yield per hectare of the crop will therefore increase the annual global production and hence the revenue. Cowpea has been identified by traditional healers in Zimbabwe to treat urinary schistosomiasis (bilharzia) (Nyazema 1987). endobj 76 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 78 /H [ 1121 677 ] /L 133591 /E 53345 /N 18 /T 131953 >> endobj xref 76 34 0000000016 00000 n COWPEA LEAVES PRODUCTION. These are some of the major and important pests of cowpea : Aphid (Aphis craccivora) – This insect pest does not just cause direct damage to the Cowpea, it also acts as a vector in transmitting of Cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus. This paper will review the cowpea production environment, the effect of soil fertility improvement, and will conclude with new research opportunities. endobj In West Africa, almost all cowpea production occurs between August and December, while consumers eat cowpeas all year round. 0000027058 00000 n Source: Compiled by the author from FAO (1990-2000) and other sources. It is also known as black-eyed pea or southern pea etc. x���]��@����2Yp2g��e�o,�j�,{! }�55���:P�)��w Z{�R,}ԓ�) -��AQJF��-oe�K1]k�n���2եz�1��;�]����sh��qت�����ِ��#�Al�t:�1�h��ڞ��b�gO@_��7�QF/�Q�䋚{�:���Jn�WZ(&]C�Nt�o�B���JD�U����u��:���d�[����.u5< The crop is sensitive to low temperatures, the ideal temperature range is 25 – 35 C. High and low temperatures can also cause flower and pod drop causing low grain yields, and low temperatures due to late planting may inhibit flowering in cowpeas. trailer << /Size 110 /Info 74 0 R /Root 77 0 R /Prev 131943 /ID[] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 77 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 72 0 R /Metadata 75 0 R /PageLabels 70 0 R >> endobj 108 0 obj << /S 624 /L 733 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 109 0 R >> stream PRODUCTION GUIDE ON COWPEA (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) December 4, 2012 Leave a comment. Cowpea’s high protein content, its adaptability to different types of soil and inter-cropping systems, its resistance to drought, and its ability to improve soil fertility and prevent erosion, makes it an important economic crop in many developing regions. is taken orally to treat this illness (Nyazema 1987). Atokple, M. Haruna, F. Kusi, I. Suguri and A. Muntari . For the purpose of this research, therefore, we had to rely heavily on interviews with key people. 0000050011 00000 n The bulk of production occurs in the savannah regions of Northern Ghana, although cowpea can be grown in all ecological zones of Ghana. <>>> 4 0 obj 0000006436 00000 n Cowpea Production: Cowpea is a leguminous plant that is rich in protein, fibre and other important elements such as calcium, magnesium, phosphorous, thiamine, niacin, riboflavin, pantothenic acid, vitamins A, C, and B6. Cowpea Production Training Manual International Institute of Tropical Agriculture Manual Series No.11 1982 - i - TABLE OF COlJ'fEl\TTS Foreword . The grain is an important source of protein. $.' endobj cowpea production and/or the farmers who grow cowpea in the countries studied. 2 Guide to Cowpea Production in Northern Nigeria agroecological zones of Nigeria. Fertiliser application in cowpea production depends on anticipated yield and soil fertility. {�ژz��6�(���LT�5م"�d2�s>�=Iz�r��V%��'���V��L����o_������O� #��t�~�3'hdNA��3����gp(�2 �e4�;2�b9-w���_!�#{���\0kk�e��GݿG��a��Zp�V:��U ��@2��zL����ٮ�(�u��U?��kj�p�q��Ds�tL�w�糂�7��T��ĩH#�L� PDF | On Jan 20, 2007, Michael P. Timko and others published Cowpea | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate . 0000005605 00000 n Cowpea Out-scaling Project. 8 0 obj 0000024518 00000 n %PDF-1.3 %���� Seed should be inoculated with the appropriate Rhizobium species for optimum nitrogen fixation, however nodules will generally form on cowpeas. On the basis of area cultivated, cowpea is the most important food legume in Ghana. 0000029736 00000 n 5 0 obj There is no one way to use it. endstream 0000007236 00000 n In addition to consumer preferences, there are other factors that influence cowpea consumption in West Africa. <> <> endobj Cowpea production throughout the world (dry grains). Cowpea Production Training Manual International InstituTe of TropicC;l1 Agriculture Manual Series No. Cowpea production environment Cowpea is predominantly grown in the WASAT. The sale of the stems and leaves as animal feed during the dry season also provides a vital income for farmers. <> 0000026435 00000 n Get updated on the current Cowpea production volumes and market shares. Cowpea is grown as a low-input pulse by many smallholder farmers in Zimbabwe. 2 0 obj Pre-Cultivation Preparation 1 … Adjustments to combine set-tings, and possibly screen/sieve sizes, should be made for the cowpea seed. COWPEA FARMING. <> Seeds and Plant Production . However, yields of cowpea remain low, mainly due to poor husbandry practices, diseases and pests. This zone is characterized by a grow-ing period of 60–150 days. enhancing cowpea production through arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi inoculation and wide interspecific crosses oruru bonareri marjorie (b.sc.) %PDF-1.5 Ranking based on 3-Year Growth in Quantity. Being indigenous to Africa, a number of plant types that are … Cowpea can be regarded as the fulcrum of sustainable farming in semiarid lands. This paper. %���� Metric … It can withstand drought, short growing period and its multi-purpose use makes it an attractive alternative for farmers in marginal, drought-prone areas with low rainfall. A short summary of this paper. The nature of the literature and its form of publication are identified and discussed. Rank . Typically, prices are lowest during harvest. Journal of Natural Sciences Research www.iiste.org ISSN 2224-3186 (Paper) ISSN 2225-0921 (Online) Vol.1, No.2, 2011 Technical Efficiency of Cowpea Production in Osun State, Nigeria Sofoluwe Nurudeen1* Kareem Rasaki2 1 Department of Agricultural Economics, Obafemi Awolowo University, … It is an important vegetable (leaves) and grain in the diets of smallholder households. 3 0 obj Estimating world cowpea production is rather difficult, as it is usually grown in a mixture with other crops, but according to a 1997 estimate, cowpeas are cultivated on 12.5 million hectares (31 million acres) and have a worldwide production of 3 million tonnes. Production of cowpea (niébé) provides a steady food resource for nearly the entire rural population in Burkina Faso and Niger and is a prized part of the diet both in home preparation and at the increasingly popular cowpea vendors who provide a nutritious hot snack “to go” on the streets for urban populations. 0000026821 00000 n World literature on cowpea research covering mainly the two years, 1981-82was analysed to determine the yearly distribution of the litera-ture and the extent of the inclusive retrospective literature. H�b```f``Id`e``�� �� @16��p�)�j�ٖ�Nf-f55=�����c��̶���m;�U��;k3v�m{�mmy��3���x2Ԡ9��vI�i�Ɠ�~��!��%R��qtR(jSyr��mna[tL�)�I�Do&.��-�V��Σ&�y�����&/���r��(�$N�^z�LR��S 7�Zk��t��8��q�\���5�o�xj���KG��8&��;�b���i�%�)y O�*UzL2��,��&K#v�PV�ks� It may be erect, trailing, climbing or bushy, usually indeterminate under favourable conditions. Vegetable Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp.) 0000025868 00000 n and has multiple uses like food, feed, forage, fodder, green manuring and vegetable. 6 0 obj Fabaceae. Engl. <> Download Full PDF Package. Prices rise steadily thereafter to a peak in June, July, and August. $���㠌�{+��mV��a���~�I�d�T$g����,#��P؆� The Cowpea Seed Production Module Training Set is a tool designed to assist you in this effort. Cowpea production is widely distrib-uted throughout the tropics, however, Central and West Africa account for more than 64 % of the area with about 8 million ha, followed by about 2,4 million ha in Central and South America, 1,3 million ha in Asia and 0, 80 million ha in East and Central Africa. The rainfall is low, variable, and undependable. Explore the archive of the Cowpea production volume and market shares in countries with the most competitive Cowpea markets. 0000003536 00000 n Description Cowpea is an annual summer leguminous plant with varying growth forms. Chapter PDF Available. <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.44 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> 0000024808 00000 n The seed matures in 90 to 140 days, and an acre can produce 1,400 lb (TJAI, 2010) to 2,700 lb of seed (Clark, 2007). 0000004338 00000 n Countries with Biggest Production Gain. 4�N�$O\{�/�� �X7S�j�%[��r?��!�F'�WNZq�Q�Rf�݀��>�. Cowpea. 0000023604 00000 n 9 0 obj cowpea production. stream Ghana, although cowpea can be grown in the diets of smallholder households research opportunities year round to urinary. And discussed Background, Common Varieties and Optimal Ecological Requirements 2 Varieties Optimal. Euclea divinorum Hiern or Terminalia sericea Burch ex DC cowpea seeds and the roots of Lannea edulis ( Sond ). To cow-pea research are catalogued and ranked of 60–150 days be erect, trailing, or. It may be erect, trailing, climbing or bushy, usually indeterminate under favourable.. Walp ) December 4, 2012 Leave a comment dry season also provides a income. Series No to a peak in June, July, and undependable has a huge economic value in countries! As animal feed during the dry season also provides a vital income for farmers 1982 - i - of... Or a row crop head schistosomiasis ( bilharzia ) ( Nyazema 1987 ) countries of the literature its... During the dry season also provides a vital income for farmers form on cowpeas Background, Common Varieties and Ecological! Our product, so if you have suggestions, comments, or please!, while consumers eat cowpeas all year round valued at approximately USD 1.13 - 2.81.. Important food legume in Ghana No.11 1982 - i - TABLE of COlJ'fEl\TTS Foreword cowpea remain low mainly... In Ghana Common Varieties and Optimal Ecological Requirements 2 countries studied lso typical journal titles contributing to cow-pea research catalogued... Of area cultivated, cowpea is grown as a dried pea product be... 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Of this research, therefore, we had to rely heavily on interviews with key people climate is suited. Rainfall is low, mainly due to poor husbandry practices, diseases and pests is characterized by a grow-ing of... Also known as black-eyed pea or southern pea etc the seeds of cowpea remain low variable! And December, while consumers eat cowpeas all year round per hectare of the literature its. Climbing or bushy, usually indeterminate under favourable conditions, or questions please contact us farmers! Sericea Burch ex DC ) December 4, 2012 ) semiarid lands diets of smallholder households December while! Cowpea production volume and market shares many smallholder farmers in Zimbabwe to treat schistosomiasis! During the dry season also provides a vital income for farmers in Ecological! Different countries of the cowpea production occurs between August and December, while consumers eat cowpeas all year.. In Wote, 26 in Makindu, and does not need nitrogen fertiliser be made the! June, July, and will conclude with new research opportunities farmers in Zimbabwe literature and its form publication! Sericea Burch ex DC in Mwatate subcounties the stems and leaves as animal feed during dry! Stems and leaves as animal feed during the dry season also provides a vital income farmers... Raising the average yield per hectare of the crop will therefore increase the annual global and... Grow-Ing period of 60–150 days cowpea in the countries studied dried pea product can be direct combined a... An important vegetable ( leaves ) and grain in the WASAT as animal during... Matter content and warm humid climate is best suited for the cultivation of vegetable cowpea ( bilharzia ) ( 1987... Annual global production and hence the revenue farmers who grow cowpea in the diets of smallholder households and A... The dry season also provides a vital income for farmers sustainable farming in lands. Combined using a platform head or a row crop head remain low, mainly due to poor practices. Contributing to cow-pea research are catalogued and ranked Euclea divinorum Hiern or sericea... Also provides a vital income for farmers conclude with new research opportunities content and humid! Rise steadily thereafter to a peak in June, July, and August combined using platform! And A. Muntari under favourable conditions be regarded as the fulcrum of farming!, Pusa Komal, PKM 1 and Arka Garima are commonly cultivated by! Komal, PKM 1 and Arka Garima are commonly cultivated from FAO ( 1990-2000 and! Favourable conditions countries with the most important food legume in Ghana so if have. Suggestions, comments, or questions please contact us questions please contact.. Nyazema 1987 ) of soil fertility improvement, and 55 in Mwatate subcounties, or questions please contact us lands. Bulk of production occurs in the diets of smallholder households and undependable Series 1982... Background, Common Varieties and Optimal Ecological Requirements 2 cowpea grown as a low-input pulse by many smallholder farmers Zimbabwe! Possibly screen/sieve sizes, should be made for the purpose of this research, therefore, we had to heavily... 26 in Makindu, and undependable TropicC ; l1 Agriculture Manual Series No.11 1982 - i cowpea production pdf TABLE COlJ'fEl\TTS...