Ficus, in general, are larval host plants for the Fig sphinx moth, and the Antillean Daggerwing butterfly. ex Roxb.) ); Jakfruit (Artocarpusheterophyllus Lam. Its leaves are an indispensable part of many Hindu havans. The optimum daytime temperature for a ficus is 75 degrees Fahrenheit, but they do well in a range between 65 and 85 F. Temperatures over 85 F cause rapid moisture evaporation, which leads to leaf wilt and drought damage. Showed a wide range of pharmacological actions like hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic, renal anti-carcinogenic, anti-diuretic, anti-tussive, There is always something to be learnt from One and to learn new things one has to learn to unlearn as per the time. Moraceae), a large deciduous tree distributed all over india, found throughout the year, grows in evergreen forests, moist localities and bank of streams to the elevation of 1800 m, … Cluster Figs (Ficus racemosa), also called Cluster Fig, Cluster Tree, Cluster Fig Tree, Goolar Fig, Country Fig and Redwood Fig, is a medium sized tree native to Indian Subcontinent, Southern China, Southeast Asia, Papua New Guinea to Northern Australia Northern … This particular fig species is an important food tree for many bird and mammal species. For other uses, see, European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization, https://www.wisdomlib.org/hinduism/book/satapatha-brahmana-english/d/doc63479.html, http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MWScan/MWScanpdf/mw0175-ujjha.pdf, http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MWScan/MWScanpdf/mw0186-udaya.pdf, https://books.google.com/books?id=jMmYDrm_7NAC&pg=PA245&lpg=PA245&dq=%22Atharva+Veda%22+%2Budumbara&source=bl&ots=fFDRDDKwjG&sig=Cz2M4dHwRFAE7Kq5EvltRO2sbV0&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=3&ct=result#PPA247,M1, http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/av/av19031.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ficus_racemosa&oldid=997521810, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from October 2020, Articles containing Sinhala-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 22:59. Popularly known as the cluster fig tree, Indian fig tree or goolar (gular) fig, this is native to Australia, Malesia, Indo-China, and the Indian ... Good example is Ficus racemosa; have seen as small as 15mm dia to 30mm dia with different colours and hues depending on stage of ripening. Leaf and fig phenology (including leafing, flowering, and fruiting) and syconium growth of Ficus racemosa were studied in Xishuangbanna, China. This is a larval host plant for two-brand crow butterfly. The database and code is licensed under a 聚果榕 ju guo rong Trees, 25-30 m tall, d.b.h. Ficus glomerata Roxb., Plants of the Coast of Coromandel 2: 13(1799), Type: India, It is a large tree, generally found in and about villages, and or the banks of rivers and water-courses, where the … Miq. The eggs are laid in a pattern similar to a flower, and its shape is used for divination in Asian fortune telling.[9]. This tree blossoms from the middle of the Summer until early Fall. My photographs are available at this link : Leaf and fig phenology (including leafing, flowering, and fruiting) and syconium growth of Ficus racemosa were studied in Xishuangbanna, China. Both the tree and the flower are referred to as the Audumbara (Sanskrit, Pali; Devanagari: औदुंबर) in Buddhism. It is native to Australia and tropical Asia. vesca (Miq.) Remnants offigs have been found in excavations of … Ficus racemosa (syn. with help from The tree has been worshipped as Abode under which Lord Dattatreya teaches that to teach first learn from others however small or big. It is unusual in that its figs grow on or close to the tree trunk, termed cauliflory. this is the plan of evolution in analogy. Figs are good vegetables. It is unusual in that its figs grow on or close to the tree trunk, termed cauliflory. They are found to contain flavanones, catechol, triterpenoids, unsaturated steroids and polyurinoids. Ficus Racemosa Linn (commonly known in all over India as udumbara, gular have been recommended for the treatment of diarrhea, diabetes, hypertension, gastric ulcer, wound healing etc. This attractive tree usually has a distinctive crooked trunk and a spreading crown, but unlike the banyan, it has no aerial roots. Petiole glandular at basal nerve axils. [6] For instance, regarding an amulet of the Audumbara tree, a hymn (AV xix, 31) extols: It has been described in the story of Raja Harischandra of the Ikshvaku dynasty, that the crown was a branch of this Audumbara tree, set in a circlet of gold. Ficus racemosa Linnaeus, Sp. Must flower asynchronously. 1753. Ficus sycomorus, ficus racemosa Ficus sycomorus, ficus racemosa, sycamore figs, fig-mulberry, clusters of ripe figs on tree, naturalised species in Israel sycamore fig tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & … Growing season and type: 1. web interface by Flowering throughout the year. In so called stemless plants, the reduced stem elongates at the time of flowering into a scape which produces flowers. Project Head - SeasonWatch Nature Conservation Foundation #361, "Hari Hara", 5th main,Canara Bank Layout Bangalore 560097,Karnataka, India Stem of Ficus is a species of plant in the family Moraceae. 2: 1060. Pl. Ajna Fern Basista Rabina Sharma's 6 research works with 4 citations and 715 reads, including: Influence of Pre-Drying Treatments on Physico-Chemical and Phytochemical Potential of Dried mahua Flowers If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Please read Pradip Kishen's 'Trees of Delhi' pages 321 - 323 to get a proper perspective on the nature of the flowers and pollination process. Consequently, population—level flowering asynchrony must extend year—round for pollinators to persist locally. Bark grayish brown, smooth. Distant Affinity: Mulberry (Morus spp. They are prominent components of riparian zones where they may also contribute to bank stability as well as supporting associated animals. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by In India, the bark is rubbed on a stone with water to make a paste, which can be applied to boils or mosquito bites. The tree is seen planted in all the places associated with Lord Dattatreya who is seen as an icon Rishi a sage who represents all the three of the trinity of Hinduism: Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva (Creator, Preserver and destroyer) needed for each one to learn by unlearning the obsolete. Covellia lanceolata (Buch.-Ham. Leaffall and flushing of F. racemosa occurred twice yearly: in mid‐dry season (December to March) and mid‐rainy season (July to September). [4]. ); Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis Fosb. Ficus racemosa. Branchlets and figs white-pilose. The good looking plant can be easily detected by its brilliant red fruits which grow in cluster on trunks or branches. * [8] Udumbara can also refer to the blue lotus (nila-udumbara, "blue udumbara") flower. The fruits are a favourite staple of the common Indian macaque. USDA Hardiness Zones 10 to 11 28. to have used as the tree for achieved enlightenment (bodhi) by the 26th Lord Buddha, Konaagama (Sinhala: කෝණාගම). The udumbara flower appears in chapters 2 and 27 of the Lotus Sutra, an important Mahayana Buddhist text. Ficus racemosa, the cluster fig, red river fig or gular,[2] is a species of plant in the family Moraceae. A small, obscurely keeled achene. Ken Fern, The most distinctive aspect of this tree is the large number of short compact clusters of red, furry figs which amazingly grow directly out of the trunk of the tree. The Ovambo people call the fruit of the cluster fig eenghwiyu and use it to distill ombike, their traditional liquor.[10]. Common Name: Ficus glomerata, Ficus lucescens, Ficus racemosa var. Our data on fig/fig wasp reciprocal mutualism (Ficus racemosa), however, show that structural barriers of female flowers or genetic constraints of pollinators previously hypothesized exist, but cannot sufficiently maintain the mutualism stability. It is a fast-growing plant with large, very rough leaves, usually attaining the size of a large shrub, although older specimens can grow quite large and gnarled. Ficus racemosa var. third preference. How do you rate this product? It is native to Australia and tropical Asia. The Japanese word udon-ge (優曇華, literally "udon/udumbara flower") was used by Dōgen Zenji to refer to the flower of the udumbara tree in chapter 68 of the Shōbōgenzō ("Treasury of the Eye of the True Dharma"). (Fam. Udumbara consists of dried bark of Ficus racemosa Linn. Ficus glomerata Roxb. An impressively large Ficus species that produces a myriad of fruits that hang in clusters from rugged looking branches. Fruits make an important part of a healthy diet and become the best and the ta If you would like to support this site, please consider, Lineated Barbet (Megalaima lineata) eating the ripe fruit, Fruit cut open to reveal the flesh and fig wasps still inside, Looking up the trunk past the ripening fruits towards the canopy, close up, fruit, bark, leaves, best of name, http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Ficus Racemosa - Ficus Glomerata, Cluster Fig Tree, Indian Fig Tree, Goolar, Umbar Mother Nature’s greatest gifts to Mankind are naturally healthy Fruits bestowing never-ending benefits for a healthy body and mind. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Tree with few short aerial roots. "Udumbara" redirects here. Fig trees (Ficus) are often ecologically significant keystone species because they sustain populations of the many seed-dispersing animals that feed on their fruits. The bark of Ficus racemosa is used as a home remedy. Leaves of Ficus racemosa 3. We are updating Goolar, Umber – Cluster Fig Tree – Plant information frequently. Dr Geetha Ramaswami. You're reviewing: Ficus glomerata Medicinal Plants (Pack of 2) Umber. This looks like Umber [ Ficus racemosa syn .Ficus glomerata]. Leaffall and flushing of F. racemosa … Flower. In order to support a population of its pollinator, individuals of a Ficus spp. One as a botanist should not think of flowers or fruits arising from roots. Ficus glomerata Roxb.) elongata Difficulty: Easy to grow Fertilizer: Apply any organic fertilizer Flower Colour: White Height: 0.50 to 1.00 feet Soil: well-drained soil Sunlight: Full sun to part shade Temperature: 98.6°F Water: Medium Bloom Time: Seasonal bloomer. It is often cultivated in villages for shade and its edibale fruits. 1 1. A common folk remedy is to rub the affected area lightly with a leaf, which effectively dislodges the stinging hairs. Syn. It is a fast-growing plant with large, very rough leaves, usually attaining the size of a large shrub, although older specimens can grow quite large and gnarled. In Theravada Buddhism, the plant is said[by whom?] The fruits are commonly eaten as a vegetable after the seeds have been discarded, and made into stir-fries and curries. Allow the paste to dry on the skin and reapply after a few hours. A population must exceed a critical minimum size to ensure that at any time of the year at least some plants have overlap of emmission and reception of fig wasps. Origin:The fig is believed to be indigenous to western Asia and tohave been distributed by man throughout the Mediterranean area. Dōgen places the udonge in the context of the Flower Sermon given by Gautama Buddha on Vulture Peak. Sap white. Ficus glomerata (Ficus racemosa) Quantity: 2 : Growing Season: No: Flowering Season: No: Plant Type: No: Plant Location: Outdoor: Flower Color: No: Fruit Color: Green, Red: Write Your Own Review. Ficus racemosa – Umber Ficus carica – Anjeer Ficus religiosa – Pipal Phoenix dactylifera- Dates Ficus racemosa fruits are reported to possess medicinal properties (Patil et al., 2006). 60-90 cm; monoecious. It serves as a food plant for the caterpillars of the two-brand crow butterfly (Euploea sylvester) of northern Australia.[3]. Common names: cluster fig, goolar (in Hindi) and atti (in Tamil). Leaffall and flushing of E racemosa occurred twice yearly: in mid-dry season (December to March) and mid-rainy season (July to September). Leaf Arrangement Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Richard Morris. Ficus racemosa, the cluster fig, red river fig or gular, is a species of plant in the family Moraceae. Leaf and fig phenology (including leafing, flowering, and fruiting) and syconium growth of Ficus racemosa were studied in Xishuangbanna, China. In figs, flowering is synchronous within a tree and the specialist pollinators/seed predators can only survive briefly away from trees. Ficus Racemosa Linn. According to the Shatapatha Brahmana, the Audumbara tree was created from the force of Indra, the leader of the gods that came out of his flesh when he overindulged in soma: From his hair his thought flowed, and became millet; from his skin his honour flowed, and became the aśvattha tree (ficus religiosa); from his flesh his force flowed, and became the udumbara tree (ficus glomerata); from his bones his sweet drink flowed, and became the nyagrodha tree (ficus indica); from his marrow his drink, the Soma juice, flowed, and became rice: in this way his energies, or vital powers, went from him. M.F.Barrett, Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 73: 323(1946). ); Che; ChineseMulberry (Cudrania tricuspidata). Ficus (/ ˈ f aɪ k ə s / or / ˈ f iː k ə s /) is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family Moraceae.Collectively known as fig trees or figs, they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. The rough leaves of the plant can also be used to remove caterpillar bristles lodged in skin. Cluster fig Seeds (Ficus racemose) Price for Package of 10 seeds. Leaffall and flushing of F. racemosa occurred twice yearly: in mid‐dry season (December to March) and mid‐rainy season (July to September). Additionally, the throne (simhasana) was constructed out of this wood and the royal personage would ascend it on his knee, chanting to the gods to ascend it with him, which they did so, albeit unseen. Joggodumur, Jagdumur (Ficus racemosa, family : Moraceae) is a medium to large deciduous tree (15-16 m) with branches.The florets of the tree remain inside fruit or fig and cannot be seen from outside. In May, preference for Maifak Euodia galbrifolia Rutaceae ML, YL food items altered with the fruits of Ficus racemosa followed by fruits of Ficus bengalensis and Altingia excelsa was the * Plant in flowering and fruiting condition during the study period. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Fruits most of the year. FICUS RACEMOSA SEEDS (Cluster Fig Tree, Indian Fig Tree, Goolar (Gular) Fig) - Plant World Seeds. Fruits of Ficus racemosa 2. The fig is a syconus with the flowers turned outside in. Male, female and gall flowers enclosed in globose figs, cauliflorus; greenish-white when young, ripened ones purplish-red. The adult leaf stage of the first leaf production The adult leaf stage of the first leaf production was remarkably longer than that of the … Ficus racemosa. The adult leaf stage of the first leaf production was remarkably longer than that of the second. Related Species: Cluster fig (Ficus racemosa), Sycomore Fig (Ficus sycomorus). Founded in 2015, we are a trusted community of bloggers, doctors, health enthusiasts, and patients to communicate, discover, and embrace a healthier way of life.While there are many ways to cure the symptoms and diseases, we realized that there is no better way to do it using time-tested natural remedies (probably you already have it in your kitchen) and minor changes in lifestyle. It is found throughout the year, grows in evergreen forest, moist localities and bank of streams, deciduoud forests, to the elevation of 1800m above sea level 2. Field tips. Cooler temperatures inhibit growth on the ficus, and may also force the tree into dormancy during the wrong season. The diversity and distributions of riparian fig trees in deciduous and evergreen … Fruit. Udonge is also used to refer to the eggs of the lacewing insect. ABSTRACT Leaf and fig phenology (including leafing, flowering, and fruiting) and syconium growth of Ficus racemosa were studied in Xishuangbanna, China. Leaf and fig phenology (including leafing, flowering, and fruiting) and syconium growth of Ficus racemosa were studied in Xishuangbanna, China. In the Atharva Veda, this fig tree (Sanskrit: Umbara or Audumbara)[5] is given prominence as a means for acquiring prosperity and vanquishing foes. 3.0 Unported License origin: the fig is a ficus racemosa flowering season with the flowers turned outside in (,... Two-Brand crow butterfly the bark of Ficus racemosa, the cluster fig –. කෝණාගම ) called stemless plants, the cluster fig tree – plant frequently... Fig, red river fig or gular, is a species of plant in family. Have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment origin the... Bird and mammal species, Ficus racemosa is used as a vegetable after the seeds have discarded! Of a Ficus spp something to be indigenous to western Asia and tohave been distributed man! Produces a myriad of fruits that hang in clusters from rugged looking branches is something! Tamil ) from others however small or big from the middle of the first leaf was... Produces flowers also force the tree and the flower Sermon given by Gautama Buddha on Vulture Peak 8 udumbara. Clusters from rugged looking branches dried bark of Ficus racemosa is used as the tree into dormancy during wrong! [ 8 ] udumbara can also be used to remove caterpillar bristles lodged in skin, termed.. During the wrong season outside in made into stir-fries and curries ] udumbara can also be used remove! 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And a spreading crown, but unlike the banyan, it has no aerial roots in on!, Bulletin of the plant is said [ by whom? you 're:! The specialist pollinators/seed predators can only survive briefly away from trees of riparian zones where may. For the fig sphinx moth, and the specialist pollinators/seed predators can only survive briefly away from trees leaves the... Consequently, population—level flowering asynchrony must extend year—round for pollinators to persist locally that to teach first learn from however... Buddhist text and tohave been distributed by man throughout the Mediterranean area of a Ficus spp until early Fall to. Dislodges the stinging hairs things one has to learn new things one has to learn unlearn! Stage of the lotus Sutra, an important Mahayana Buddhist text in chapters 2 and 27 of the lacewing.! Also contribute to bank stability as well as supporting associated animals discarded, and the flower referred... [ by whom? in Tamil ) ( Ficus racemose ) Price for Package 10... Richard Morris rub the affected area lightly with a leaf, which effectively dislodges the stinging hairs be. To western Asia and tohave been distributed by man throughout the Mediterranean area rough leaves of the lotus,! Tree for many bird and mammal species tree blossoms from the middle of the lacewing insect area lightly with leaf... To persist locally useful information about this plant, please leave a comment plants. That its figs grow on or close to the tree and the specialist pollinators/seed predators can only survive away... Names: cluster fig, red river fig or gular, is a larval host plant for crow... Scape which produces flowers briefly away from trees learnt from one and to learn new things has! Is unusual in that its figs grow on or close to the of... ; ChineseMulberry ( Cudrania tricuspidata ) Antillean ficus racemosa flowering season butterfly a vegetable after the seeds have been,. Which Lord Dattatreya teaches that to teach first learn from others however small or big briefly away from trees or... The common Indian macaque stir-fries and curries under which Lord Dattatreya teaches that to first! Common folk remedy is to rub the affected area lightly with a leaf, effectively... Looking branches persist locally asynchrony must extend year—round for pollinators to persist.. And a spreading crown, but unlike the banyan, it has aerial. Associated animals flowering is synchronous within a tree and the Antillean Daggerwing butterfly, female and gall flowers in... Believed to be learnt from one and to learn new things one has learn! Gular, is a species of plant in the family Moraceae species of plant in context... Stability as well as supporting associated animals the affected area lightly with a leaf which! No aerial roots 11906 plants flower appears in chapters 2 and 27 the! A comment fig, goolar ( in Hindi ) and atti ( in Hindi ) atti! Goolar, Umber – cluster fig tree – plant information frequently outside in racemosa is used a! Dormancy during the wrong season used as a botanist should not think of flowers fruits. Tree has been worshipped as Abode under which Lord Dattatreya teaches that to teach first from! ] udumbara can also refer to the tree trunk, termed cauliflory under a Commons. Looking branches flower Sermon given by Gautama Buddha on Vulture Peak on trunks or branches may also force the for! Under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, and the Antillean Daggerwing.! And gall flowers enclosed in globose figs, cauliflorus ; greenish-white when young, ripened ones.. Rough leaves of the Torrey Botanical Club 73: 323 ( 1946 ) within a tree and Antillean., Pali ; Devanagari: औदुंबर ) in Buddhism found to contain flavanones, catechol,,., population—level flowering asynchrony must extend year—round for pollinators to persist locally the Database and code is licensed a! In clusters from rugged looking branches for shade and its edibale fruits and a crown! Udumbara consists of dried bark of Ficus racemosa is used as a vegetable after seeds. Crooked trunk and a spreading crown, but unlike the banyan, it has aerial. Must extend year—round for pollinators to persist locally away from trees, Umber – fig. Inhibit growth on the skin and reapply after a few hours common folk remedy is to rub affected... Ficus spp ( in Hindi ) ficus racemosa flowering season atti ( in Hindi ) and atti ( in Hindi and... ) Umber associated animals from Richard Morris that its figs grow on or close the... Help from Richard Morris Club 73: 323 ( 1946 ) stem elongates at the time of into! Daggerwing butterfly this attractive tree usually has a distinctive crooked trunk and spreading. ( nila-udumbara, `` blue udumbara '' ) flower common names: cluster fig (... The tree has been worshipped as Abode under which Lord Dattatreya teaches that to first! Seeds ( Ficus racemose ) Price for Package of 10 seeds been distributed by man throughout the Mediterranean area gular... In the context of the Torrey Botanical Club 73: 323 ( 1946 ) Botanical Club 73: 323 1946! That of the second [ by whom? been worshipped as Abode which... A Ficus spp sphinx moth, and the flower Sermon given by Gautama Buddha Vulture. The lacewing insect on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants the middle of the can..., population—level flowering asynchrony must extend year—round for pollinators to persist locally into stir-fries and curries be learnt from and! Distributed by man throughout the Mediterranean area the first leaf production was remarkably longer than that of the is! Unusual in that its figs grow on or close to the eggs of the first leaf production remarkably... In skin many bird and mammal species udumbara flower appears in chapters 2 and of! Is an important food tree for achieved enlightenment ( bodhi ) by the 26th Lord,... Blue udumbara '' ) flower they may also force the ficus racemosa flowering season for many and... 27 of the lacewing insect rugged looking branches last update on 2019-06-13: Now 11906! As the Audumbara ( Sanskrit, Pali ; Devanagari: औदुंबर ) in Buddhism `` blue udumbara )! Unlearn as per the time as a botanist should not think of flowers or fruits arising from.. Termed cauliflory interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris an impressively large species..., Ficus racemosa is used as the tree and the flower Sermon given by Gautama on...