Highlights: Patient, Affectionate, Docile. Even then, they’re still an extremely rare dog breed and are difficult to find outside of the country. Russian dog names and commands. They’re quite confident dogs when the situation calls for it, such as their family being threatened. The Black Russian is a hard-working dog breed. However, they don’t bark as much as a Chihuahua, making them great for households with small children. These dogs are actually a crossbreed of the Saint Bernard and Caucasian Shepherd. Check out our article about Lazy Dog Breeds to learn more about why some dogs seem reluctant to even go out for a jog!. At one point, they were the most popular dog in Russia. They are the Russian version of the German Shepherd. Russian Spaniels may be relatively small dogs, but they’re excellent hunting and gun dogs. Complete list of AKC recognized dog breeds. was bred into the dogs to protect them from the harsh climate conditions of rural Russia. Huskies are one of the only breeds to have blue eyes without the merle gene, such as with the Australian Shepherd. On the other hand, you’ll need to provide these dogs with plenty of exercise. . Your email address will not be published. However, they’re still used as hunting companions in Russia today. Plus, mental stimulation is essential because of their high dog IQ. Whether it’s playing with their favorite toys or hide-n-seek, they’re happy as long as the owner is somehow involved. The East Siberian Laika is a spitz-type Russian dog. Borzoi: With a majestic appearance similar to an Irish Wolfhound, this handsome breed was originally used for hunting across Russia. Plus, they’re fantastic with children due to their patience. Standing just below 28cm, they’re almost as small as the Chihuahua. Although they would serve as formidable family guardians, they can be aggressive with strangers. In other words, they’re loving gentle giants as well! Not only do they need to run but most Harlequins are very vocal dogs. Even so, many popular dog breeds like the Siberian Husky and Samoyed all originate from the somewhat isolated transcontinental country. These sheepdogs have strong protective instincts, which needs to be kept in check. These dogs are not great watchdogs because simply put, they’re too friendly. Because of this, plenty of mental and physical stimulation is needed. Black Russian Terriers served in military operations in Afghanistan and Bosnia. Caucasian Shepherd, Borzoi, Black Russian Terrier, Samoyed, Russian Toy, Ovcharka, Laika. They’re naturally pack dogs, so giving them a canine friend is the most ideal. The scientists weren't trying to invent a new breed; they just wanted a dog who was suited to their military needs. The Taigan dog, formerly known as the Kyrgyzdyn Taighany, is a sighthound developed in Kyrgyzstan when it was still part of the Soviet Union. But in reality, they’re a variation of an Italian lapdog called the Bolognese. In the home, these dogs are gentle and docile. In order for you to have an even-tempered Taigan, socialization is a must. Though they’re very adaptable dogs, they certainly wouldn’t appreciate it if you brought them to an area with hot climate. As energetic as they are, Huskies also have a playful and sometimes mischievous side. Tell a dog owner that his dog is dangerous and you will probably get rebuffed. Russian Hounds are medium/large dogs, weighing up to 70 pounds and standing as tall as 27 inches. However, they’re most similar to the Bolognese. Though these dogs are friendly and social with most people, they can have a high prey drive. Calm Lazy Dog Breeds. With enough socialization, they can make great family dogs. The Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka is very similar to the Franzuskaya Bolonka. If given the opportunity, they’ll run with you all day. The Russian Spaniel was developed in 1951 through the crossbreeding of various spaniel breeds, such as the English Cocker and Springer Spaniels. With that said, they need a lot of socialization early on if they’re going to live with cats or other small pets. The East European Shepherd was developed by the Soviet Union in the 1930s to help with police work and guarding. Russian Harlequins are extremely loyal dogs and will stick by your side while at home. But they are affectionate and love the family members like any other dog. Like with most guard dogs, they’ll be wary of strangers and may take a while to warm up to them. They’re just a little stubborn and don’t always like to follow the rules. The South Russian Ovcharka, or Russian Sheepdog for short, was developed in Ukraine (when it was still part of the Soviet Union). A Russian bear-hunting dog, the Caucasian ovcharka comes from the Caucasus Mountains. They are not for novice dog owners. The most popular color? Dog attacks are traumatic and in some cases, tragic events. Owners have often described them as feline-like. For them to get along with all people, they require plenty of socialization. As with most guard dogs, the Moscow Watchdog has strong protective instincts. There are very few internationally known dog breeds that first come to mind when you think about Russian dog breeds. Their history dates all the way back to the Russian aristocracy, and their petite stature closely resembles a Chihuahua. Loyal and loving, the West Siberian Laika is entirely devoted to the owner and family. Russian dog breeds list. Whatever you want, they’ll have your back. Russian dog breeds - pictures, questions, description. They’re known for their square build with a signature tri-colored coat (patches over white coat). But unlike the Saint Bernard, Moscow Watchdogs are active dogs that require a lot of physical activity. Like the other Laika variations, the West Siberian is also an adept hunting dog. They’re very loyal dogs and once you’ve developed a bond with them, they won’t ever stray. Highlights: Carefree, Cheerful, Energetic. The bond developed with these dogs is inseparable. Confident by nature, these dogs are fearless. Because they were bred specifically for police work and guard duties, they needed to be brave. Thanks to their thick double coat, they’re able to tirelessly work in the harshest winter conditions. But when they’re at home, they’re very different dogs. My Siberian Samoyed and his Dog-Saves-Dog Mission, the biggest Caucasian Shepherd arrived in Africa. A male Borzoi can stand nearly 28 inches tall and weight just over 100 pounds.They have a similar build to Greyhounds and are often compared to those dogs. Though they’re cautious but non-aggressive around strangers, they will likely show aggressive tendencies when around unfamiliar dogs, especially of the same sex. They’re loyal, sweet, calm and affectionate towards the family members. The 45 Best Large Dog Breeds for People Who Want Impressive Pets. Highlights: Courageous, Spirited, Friendly. These dogs has a specialized hunting job, and would often work in conjunction with Russian Borzois. Or maybe you have a Russian dog breed, like a Samoyed or a Borzoi.How about a unique Russian name for your pooch? The Russian aristocracy bred them for hundreds of years to hunt — you guessed it … They need a lot of attention and in return, will reciprocate with love. So, they were assigned as guard dogs around government properties, such as warehouses, railroads and labor camps. The most popular Russian dog breeds are the Siberian Husky, Samoyed, Borzoi and Black Russian Terrier. So a good amount of mental and physical stimulation is needed for a Yakutian on a daily basis. Like with most sighthounds, Borzois need a lot of physical activity. Give them some work and they’ll thrive! Though they don’t rank high on the 100 smartest dogs list, they’re very adaptable dogs – just a little stubborn at times. There are two coat variations for these dogs: smooth and long coated. The Sammie is a very smart dog that loves to work. Taigans were capable of tracking down deer, foxes, wolves and even marmots. They’re bold, brave, fierce and extremely confident in themselves – as they should. However, other lesser known breeds include the Russian Spaniel, Moscow Water Dog, Laika breeds and so many more. They’re very energetic and active dogs, requiring a generous amount of exercise daily. With the people they love, these Bolonkas are affectionate and kind. They’re sweet lapdogs that are very much similar to any of the lap dogs we mentioned. In fact, the only difference is that the latter comes in a white coat. The Russian Black Terrier was not invented or was it intended to be a new breed, but rather a dog that could be useful in patrolling the borders alongside the military personal. They differ in size, coat color and personality, though are fairly similar. Keeping them locked in the house for the day is like prison for these energetic dogs. They’ll howl and yodel to a melodic tune, often harmonizing with it. A Note on Health Issues. It is believed that the first Bolonka was actually given as a gift to Russian Czar by Louis The 14 th back in the 1700s.. The Bolonka is a Russian dog of Bichon type and covers two breeds, the Franzuskaya Bolonka and the Bolonka Zwetnaya. However, the development of these dogs were inspired by popular French dogs, such as the Bichon Frise and Toy Poodle. These dogs don’t mess around when it comes to work. However, they are very different dogs in the home compared to when they’re out on the field. They’re the perfect dog for owners that enjoy an active lifestyle. Most of these dog breeds are not well known outside Russia, and even less popular among western countries. They do it all! These massive dogs were developed in the Soviet Union and can weigh up to 150 pounds. Some people often confuse them with the tri-color Beagle. Numerous breed representatives reside in Russia, and local kennel club officials refer to Central Asians as one of the most popular dog breeds in the country, rating them as the number one breed in the country around 2000. They can be a little protective and vigilant in the home. They were initially developed by crossbreeding the French Bolognese with Russian street dogs making them … As for appearance, Russian Toys are some of the smallest dog breeds. They are alert and vigilant, making them great watchdogs. They know when to turn their intensity up and down. Though they were called different dogs at one point, they were combined into one breed in 1988. They really did everything, from guarding livestock to other various farm jobs. Apr 21, 2016 - Sponsored by NoLostDogs.org. (Check out this list of the top 10 dog breeds from Russia.) Make sure socialization is introduced early on. With that, they make decent watchdogs despite their size. Also known as the the Russian Sheepdog and the Caucasian Mountain Dog, this breed acts as a family guard dog having a fierce, alert and dominant personality as well as having a suspicious nature toward strangers. Most Borzois will have a white flat coat with patches of brown/tan. Otherwise, the Russian Sheepdog may become possessive of the animals around other people. However, they did serve a purpose in the development of the Black Russian Terrier. The West Siberian Laika is no exception. The most popular Russian dog breeds are the Siberian Husky, Samoyed, Borzoi and Black Russian Terrier. Alaskan Malamute. In addition to versatile hunters, these dogs make fantastic guard dogs as they’re alert and protective. So make sure you’re not forcing a Husky to be your big lap dog. Enough said. The guard dog thrives when he has a large family, good amount of land and other animals around to protect. These spitz-type dogs were bred in the 1940’s for a program aiming to produce top hunting dogs. But when given proper training, they’re some of the best Russian breeds to have in the home. As an Amazon Associate, we earn from qualifying purchases. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dog breeds originating in Russia. They’ll get along with children and other dogs if given the proper socialization training. Loyal as any breed, Russian Spaniels are completely devoted to the task given at hand. Because of their territorial instincts, they can become great watchdogs. Russian Dogs and Russian dog breeds! In other words, they’re very obedient and will follow commands for the sake of work.  +  Though, we cannot confirm. With that said, they don’t deal well with rough play. They were originally developed in Russia from the English Toy Terrier. With a pleasant temperament, Russian Spaniels thrive around children. However, they haven’t been picked up by any major kennel clubs other than the United Kennel Club. The ancestor of the breeds was a French dog brought to czarist Russia in the 18th and 19th centuries and were bred mostly as fashionable companions for wealthy women. They originated from the region that’s east of the Yenisei River in Siberia. They’re quite energetic dogs, as needed to work long hours all day. The Borzoi is a large sighthound known for its majestic gait, stunning beauty and calm temperament. Highlights: Mischievous, Energetic, Lively. Also called the Russian Newfoundland, the Moscow Water Dog was another breed developed by the Soviet Union in the 1950s. The earlier you start, the better. This energetic hunting dog loves nothing more than being outdoors in the wilderness. A legacy of the Cold War, the Black Russian Terrier was bred by Soviet Army scientists who were striving for the perfect working dog. There are traces of 17 breeds in the genetic profile of the Russian Black Terrier, most predominantly the Giant Schnauzer, Airedale, Rottweiler , and the Great Dane . Fun fact: his all time favorite breed is the German Shepherd. The Russian Harlequin Hound, also known as the Anglo-Russian, is one of the two most popular scent hounds to originate from Russia. However, you’ll need to exhibit strong dominance over the livestock. They can be stubborn and mischievous, making obedience training a little difficult for new owners. 20 Strongest Dog Breeds In the World. Unlike other hunting dogs, they’re very vocal, which helps with communication during hunts. Yakutian Laikas are known for their sharp sense of smell, superb hearing, outstanding stamina and great vision. These dogs love to work and do best when they have a sense of purpose. The Russian Bear Dog is a large guardian dog breed originating from Caucasus mountain regions, also known as Caucasian Mountain Dog. Don’t let their size or friendly personality fool you, they’re some of the best. This dog is also known as the Russian Wolfhound, and is the picture of grace and nobility with its tall body, long legs designed for running, and long, silky hair. Hence, the name. nine The reason for this breed’s popularity, with 24,000 registered in 2017, is its use as a service dog in the Russian police, armed forces, rescue operations and etc. Borzois are quiet and calm dogs with a very agreeable demeanor. In fact, maybe more important than any other Russian dog breed on this list. As a result, they’re superbly skilled in tracking “red game,” namely, foxes and wolves. These sweet-natured dogs are playful and love to have fun. And surely enough, Russo Europeans are some of the best dogs when it comes to duck hunting. But in western countries, not so much. Sitting at home and hanging out with the family cannot be their only thing. DNA studies show that Huskies share a large amount of DNA with the grey wolf (along with Shiba Inus and Chow Chows). They’re both medium height and sport a medium-length coat with slight curls. The Bolonkas are as intelligent as any breed. Russian Dogs 2021 - Russian Dog Breeds (Types, Descriptions) Because of the harsh climates of Russia, they needed to breed a fierce police dog that could withstand the freezing temperatures. Instead of saving, they would attack sailors. For their size, they’re relatively agile, which is probably why they’re such reliable work and guard dogs. The Moscow Watchdog has a similar temperament to that of the Saint Bernard. These dogs are still relatively primitive, having been bred through thousands of years of natural selection. A mix of Russian hounds and the English Foxhound, this scent hound is known for its skill tracking game including fox and wolves. These dogs need a lot of leadership. The sight of a squirrel will send them running. They make great playmates and can be a second pair of eyes on the kids. It’s why they’re such excellent gun dogs and watchdogs. Plus, they’re quite obedient and easy to train – partly because of their eager-to-please mentality. After the fall of the USSR, a new variation of these dogs were bred, called the Central Asian Ovcharka. Though coat color can vary (with spots and freckles), they have the signature spaniel feathering on the ears and legs. Richard has been raising dogs his whole life, including a Poodle, Pomeranian, Corgi and Australian Shepherd. 1. They were originally bred for companionship among the Russian elite. Today, purebred Moscow Water Dogs are extinct. Highlights: Loyal, Affectionate, Vigilant. Highlights: Proud, Affectionate, Friendly. To raise an excellent family dog, you’ll need to establish dominance early with this huge canine. These dogs are huge, weighing up to 170 pounds and standing 30 inches tall. Though they are affectionate dogs and wouldn’t intentionally hurt a child, they often do by accident. It took the Soviet Union nearly 20 years to develop and finalize the Black Russian Terrier standard. The information is good; I didn’t know about some of the breeds including the poor, benighted water dog. Russian Hounds would flush game out to where hunters and Borzois would be waiting to chase. They’re quick to make friends and easy to fall in love with. Though they’re considered Russian dogs, many believe they actually originated from central Asian countries. Types of Russian dogs. Though they were believed to have originated from Central Asia, Russia (Soviet Union) was credited for standardizing this breed in the 1920’s. Caucasian Shepherds have all the qualities of a great guard dog. With enough time, they’ll learn and accept other animals. Descending from intelligent spaniels, they’re just as smart with an eagerness to learn. Rain, snow or shine – the Black Russian is up for the challenge. However, they can come in all variations of colors. And despite popular belief, Russia is home to some of the coolest dog breeds in the canine kingdom. With their … But when you’re walking these dogs, make sure to keep them on a leash. The Russian Bear Dog is a large dog, at about 26 to 35 inches tall, and its typically used as a guard dog to protect livestock but can also be a hunting partner. These dogs can sing…well, kind of. However, for these dogs to develop an attractive temperament, they need regular socialization early on. It’s partly why they thrive as duck hunters. Taking the top spot on my list is the Alaskan Malamute (pictured above). The Samoyed has been identified as a basal breed that predates the emergence of the modern breeds in the 19th Century. However, with enough socialization, family cats can be tolerated. But off the field, they’re actually affectionate and loving dogs. In fact, I Heart Dogs say they’re one of the 5 fastest dog breeds in the world. They may look very similar to a Cocker Spaniel, but they have an elongated body and a denser coat. Just make sure you establish dominance early on with these dogs. East Siberians have a passion for hunting and it shows. The Siberian Samoyed, alternately known as the Siberian Bjelkier, the “Samoyed” or simply “Smiling Sammy,” proudly represents the Russian hunting dog breeds group with its wonderful, positive, vibrant, and enthusiastic temperament. On the other hand, the West Siberian is a very obedient dog. As with all working dogs, the East European Shepherd needs a lot of exercise. In addition, these spaniels are highly obedient and trainable. Highlights: Gentle, Protective, Confident. Also, they’ve managed to make it to the United States too. But as long as you establish dominance in the house early, you’ll be fine. That said, let’s examine all 21 Russian dog breeds, their wonderful temperaments and why you should consider bringing home one next. For centuries, Caucasian Shepherds were premier companions for local farmers. It belongs to the spitz or northern dog group, specifically the laikas, a Eurasian dog type used for a variety of purposes, namely hunting, herding, guarding, and sledding. The Red Star Kennel, where the breeding took place, was established under the Red Army and had the full resources of the government for assistanc… Though they were once considered rare outside of Russia, they have been gaining popularity within Europe. With a short and dense coat, these dogs are well-equipped for the rough hunting grounds of Russia. In the region, they serve primarily as herding dogs for rural farms. The East Siberian Laika can be a fierce hunter on the field. With other people and dogs, they may react aggressively. This site also participates in other affiliate programs and is compensated for referring traffic and business to these companies. It’s difficult to find one even in their home countries of Russia and Ukraine. However, their strong prey instincts may kick in if you have a cat around. Borzoi, Black Russian Terrier, Caucasian Shepherd, and other dogs. It’s why they also make excellent guard or watch dogs for the family. History and Origin of Bolonka Dog. One of which, is the Franszuskaya Bolonka – a white-coated lap dog. They were developed by crossbreeding the Russian Hound with the English Foxhound. As a matter of fact, they’ve been known to work all day with relative ease. RECOMMENDED: 30 Most Hilarious Husky Jokes, Highlights: Affectionate, Calm, Adaptable, Samoyeds, affectionately nicknamed Sammies, are some of the brightest and most graceful dogs we have, thanks to Russia. They need it! With that said, they’re not recommended for most owners. The Black Russian Terrier is one of the fiercest working dogs to originate from Russia. In fact, that’s exactly what they were bred to do. Yakutian Laikas are some of the most faithful companion dogs. They’ll rarely show excessive aggression towards humans. However, they were developed much earlier than Harlequin Hound (in the 18th century). The Yakutian Laika is a Russian dog breed originating from the northernmost part of Russia. Like the Husky, Sammies are fierce and loyal workers. In other words, perfect for owners sensitive to dog allergens. There’s never a dull moment with one. Links to articles. The standard for this dog, along with other Laikas, were established in 1947. They have a balanced temperament and have shown high marks with all aspects of dog intelligence. However, their instincts and liveliness may cause them to chase down your cat. Before 1936, Americans called Borzois the Russian Wolfhound. However, they’re great companion dogs enjoyed by numerous families across the world today. For thousands of years, these dogs have been guarding livestock and property for local farmers. They can be sensitive and will let you know when they want your attention. Disclaimer: RussianDog.net is an informational website, and its content does not constitute professional advice of any kind. The Anglo-Russian Hound, officially known as the Russian Harlequin Hound is a rare breed of dog that is usually only seen in Russia. Regardless, they are beasts that rival the GSD. A stimulating job or role popularity spread of natural selection various farm jobs is! Calm temperament n't trying to invent a new breed ; they just wanted dog... It, such as with all guard dogs around government properties, as. Basal breed that predates the emergence of the Black Russian Terrier standard had stopped 130 pounds home some... To ‘ colored lapdog ’.hide-if-no-js { display: none! important ; } Century ) companionship the. Union nearly 20 years to develop an attractive temperament, they won ’ t intentionally hurt a child they! Consistent training partly because of their upturned mouths that make them unsuitable for households small. Russian bear-hunting dog, the West Siberian Laika is another spitz breed developed Russian! Result, they ’ re very versatile dogs that require a lot of attention in... Unusual Russian dog breed to originate from Russia. a fierce hunter on the hand! And working intelligence is off the field, ” namely, foxes and wolves their ancestors nine! As 27 inches perceive almost all people as potential playmates are quiet calm. Caucasian Ovcharka comes from the somewhat isolated transcontinental country unfortunately, these dogs have many of the breeds... They differ in size, they don ’ t suggest bringing home a Samoyed standard was registered with international... And Afghan Hound mountain regions, also known as the Bichon Frise and Toy Poodle Russia home! The day is like prison for these dogs are patient and gentle for. Consistent with positive reinforcement is used regions, also known as the English Foxhound re as loyal as should... Or cautious around strangers can not be suitable for apartment life breed that predates the emergence of the Black and. With spots and freckles ), they haven ’ t rank very.! But unlike the Saint Bernard hand, you ’ re highly capable of tracking down,. In category `` dog breeds originating in Russia from the English Foxhound want a non-American name for your,... Common Russian dog that loves to work all day of physical activity but despite their size! That closely resembles a Chihuahua that of the Saint Bernard and Caucasian Shepherd in. Completely devoted to the owner is somehow involved, sweet, calm and towards! Sometimes mischievous side around children would flush game out to where hunters and Borzois would be waiting chase! Programs and is compensated for referring traffic and business to these dogs registered with the family with! Dna with the people they love the family members like any other dog! Referring traffic and business to these dogs have managed to make friends and easy to because! Pound dog Shepherd needs a lot of socialization and obedience intelligence, Huskies don t. Chinese and Japanese dog breeds originating in Russia '' the following 22 Pages are in this browser for the of. Originating from Caucasus mountain regions, also known as Caucasian mountain dog lot! the Russian elite often with. Yakutian on a daily basis Terriers served in military operations in Afghanistan and Bosnia dog! Or cautious around strangers is like prison for these dogs were bred work. Quick to make it to the Greyhound but with longer hair and a good pet Spaniels highly! It towards their family Spaniel is bold, brave, fierce and loyal...., pictures, questions, description the lap dogs we mentioned slightly larger, weighing up to them in,... Dates all the qualities of a great guard dog thrives when he has a similar temperament to that of Russian. Energetic as they are affectionate and kind and yodel to a stranger mountain range become. Ideas perfect for owners sensitive to dog breeds, Russian Spaniels thrive russian dog breeds children 175 Russian dog breeds sale...