The Southern Cross: The Story of the Confederacy’s First Battle Flag. “Maryland, My Maryland,” set ... Jones voted to remove a plaque that honored the Civil War’s Union and Confederate soldiers and showed the U.S. flag and Confederate flag crossed. And this year, a panel including Jones voted to remove a plaque that honored the Civil War’s Union and Confederate soldiers and showed the U.S. flag and Confederate flag crossed. There is an enormous unfurling during University of Maryland football and basketball games. [lv]  In this case, Mayer’s sketches would likely have been based on his knowledge of the Great Seal, which had been corrected just a few years earlier, and his own artistic license. This is simply the Rainbow Flag with the Maryland State Flag in the canton, which I saw again in nylon, in 2x3' and 3x5' (91 cm x 155 cm). The flag which the cadets flew that day had a blood red field with a white palmetto tree and crescent (Figure 6). [xxxvii] “Grand and Imposing confederate Funeral in Kentucky,” Wilmington Daily Dispatch (Wilmington, North Carolina), October 7, 1866, https://www.newspapers.com/image/53886942/. 4 (December 1933): 287-289, http://www.mdhs.org/. See also Coakley, 261-262. Both flags had a blue field. In fact, Calvert’s family were recusant Catholics who frequently found themselves in trouble with the English government, which had been doing its utmost to stamp out Catholicism under the reign of Queen Elizabeth during Calvert’s childhood. Larry Hogan declared the flag would not be changed on his watch. He graduated from Oxford in 1597 with a bachelor’s degree and, afterward, received a master’s degree in 1605 or 1606. Raina Weinberg started this petition to Governor Larry Hogan and 10 others. [xlviii], Considering the Fifth’s rich history steeped in the Confederacy, it was fitting that its regimental flag for the first two decades following its reorganization was a flag which was a gift from “the Ladies of Baltimore” in 1868   It was the Ladies of Baltimore who had designed and sewn the “Bucktail” flag in 1861 and had gifted it to the First Maryland. Hi I’m Raina Weinberg, a Maryland resident and student. HANCOCK — The mayor of Hancock is facing a criminal charge accusing him of painting over two images of the Confederate battle flag on a wall outside the Town Tavern. Adrienne Jones, announced on Tuesday that state legislators are intending to pass a bill repealing the state song due to its “Confederate-sympathizing language”, according to the Associated Press.. [v]  Finally, just prior to Calvert’s death, 1632, Charles I granted him a proprietary charter for Maryland. Nullification: A Constitutional History, 1776-1833. Stick flag versions are also available as well as rebel flag car flags. They agree that she was a Crosland from West Riding Yorkshire, but her supposed name Alicia is only supported by tradition, not strong evidence in the historical record. No flag from this time exists and little description can be found. The field of this new flag consisted entirely of the quartered arms of the Calvert and Crosland families, with the Calvert paly of six taking up the first and fourth quarters of the flag and the Crosland cross bottony (in red and white) taking up the second and third quarters (i.e. Vol. [xxiii]  On the other hand, the same can be said of the Confederate regiments. True to form, as an homage to their past, the regiment chose “a uniform suspiciously reminiscent of that of the late Confederate army. [xxxviii] The picture of the cross bottony comes from Civil War Times Magazine, documented in “Rare Artifacts from Maryland Confederate Soldiers,” HISTORYNET, accessed February 1, 2018, http://www.historynet.com/rare-artifacts-from-confederate-maryland-soldiers.htm. This is very likely because the first official flag of the Confederate States, unofficially known as the “Stars and Bars,” prominently displayed three broad stripes in red, white, and red. [xlviii] Brewer, 162-165. The cross in the Crossland arms ends in demi-fleurs-de-lis and is properly a cross flory; the cross in the Maryland flag terminates in buttons, and in … On May 27, 1890 the Fifth assisted in the dedication of a statue to Robert E. Lee in Richmond, placing a floral tribute at its base and having its band play the Confederate songs, Maryland My Maryland and Dixie. ... voted to remove a plaque that honored the Civil War’s Union and Confederate soldiers and showed the U.S. flag and Confederate flag … On August 10, 1877, the Fifth was publicly commended by Governor John Lee for their performance in the riots, increasing the prestige of the unit. But this past July, when he learned the creators of Game of Thrones were in talks to bring a controversial new series Confederate, which revisits the Civil War and imagines a present in which the South had won—to the cable giant, he began noodling around the internet for the backstory of Maryland’s flag. Certainly, the creation of the state flag was not an effort to repair the harm of two and a half centuries of slavery in Maryland to African Americans. This was followed by a royal appointment, in 1619, as Principal Secretary of State to James I. Owing to its fragile state, this was the last occasion the Fifth marched with the “Bucktail” flag, and even then, it was carried in a case. It must take action to finally stop honoring the Lost Cause and send a strong message that all are welcome in Maryland. Or, is it better understood as an attempt by white, Southern-sympathetic state legislators to assert their prominence? The Maryland colony was founded by The 2nd Baron Baltimore (1605–1675), which was granted to him as the son and heir of The 1st Baron Baltimore by King Charles I, hence the use of his banner of arms as the flag.During the colonial period, only the gold (yellow) and black Calvert arms were associated with Maryland. Photograph by Filip Bjorkman/Shutterstock The national conversation about the Confederate battle flag focused, in part, on states whose flags evoke its stars and bars or, in the case of Mississippi, incorporate it outright. Lastly, in June 1891, the regiment dedicated a statue in Loudon Park Cemetery to James R. Herbert, officer in the First and Second Maryland Infantries, C.S.A., and original colonel of the reorganized Fifth, who had died in 1884. [xlii] The picture of the Fourth Maryland Artillery flag comes from liveacutioneers, accessed January 15, 2018, https://www.liveauctioneers.com/item/10565857_135-rare-confederate-artillery-guidon-4th-maryland-li. Virginia removed from its capitol the busts and a … There is still no evidence to date, however, that explains why the Southern sympathizers in Maryland—some 25,000 men joined the Confederate Army—embraced the red and white quadrant and cross bottony. There are a variety of USA made Confederate flags to choose from that are made in either polyester or nylon. [xxxix] The picture of the Second Maryland, C.S.A. After an impressive career serving his king, Calvert resigned his position as Secretary of State and converted back to Catholicism in 1625. [x] Coakley 263. However, a now almost forgotten anti-slavery polemic… », Early in the civil war President Lincoln had Federal Troops occupy the State of Maryland. Easy answers to other questions are more elusive. For instance, The Dallas Daily Herald stated on July 26, 1862: A daughter of Capt. [xxviii] Article from the Baltimore Republican printed in The Tennessean (Nashville, Tennessee), September 15, 1861, https://www.newspapers.com/image/119297118/. [xxxiv] Fannie Beers, Memories: A Record of Personal Experience and Adventure During Four Years of War (Harvard University: Press of J.B. Lippincott Company, 1889) https://books.google.com/books?id=TBYTAAAAYAAJ&source=gbs_navlinks_s  279-284. See also “History of the Maryland Flag.”  For a copy of the actual statute see “Chapter 48, Acts of 1904,” Archives of Maryland Online, accessed January 24, 2018, http://aomol.msa.maryland.gov/000001/000117/pdf/am117p–5.pdf. Also known: In 1945 the General Assembly mandated that a gold cross bottony—that Maryland Confederate symbol—is the only ornament that can be mounted above the state flag. See also The Fifth Regiment, 1867-1899, 140-141. Magnificent portraits and landscapes adorn the production. Mississippi adopted a magnolia symbol as it replaced the last state flag in the U.S. with the Confederate battle emblem. Four years later, in 1617, he was knighted. Virginia had seceded, the North was marching. Mess in a Bottle’s Kalilah Wright Wants You to Wear Your Message: Socially Distanced First Date Ideas to Try Out This Fall: This Ravens Season Will Be Most Unusual to Watch—And Play. “You can’t predict which way the river of history will turn, or where the rapids will appear,” Brown continues. It was designed by Prussian -American artist Nicola Marschall in Marion, Alabama, and resembled the Flag of Austria, with which Marschall would have been familiar. First, this completely contradicts the words, already cited, of Bradley Johnson, who proudly stated that citizens flew the black and gold banners throughout the city, in April 1861, as a sign of resistance against what they saw as the inevitable invasion of a federal army from the North. Amid the American flags and Trump 2020 posters at the U.S. Capitol during last week’s insurrection were far more sinister symbols: A man walking the halls of Congress carrying a Confederate flag. 2 (June 1909): 148, http://www.mdhs.org/. There is also a strong possibility that the flag affectionately known as “Big Red” began the tradition of these two colors. Let’s get to 500! Unfortunately, in the last few years, Maryland’s flag has come under scrutiny for its association with the Confederacy. [xiii] For a full description of the Great Seal between 1817 and 1854, see Hall, 29-34. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. In light of the recent unjust killings of Geroge Floyd, Breonna Taylor, and hundreds of other black Americans that sparked worldwide Black Lives … In 1664, led by the third Lord Baltimore, plantation owner and Proprietary Governor Charles Calvert, Maryland became the first colony to mandate lifelong servitude for all black slaves, the first to make the children of slaves their master’s property for life, and the first to ban interracial marriages. [ix] Dugdale, 133 and 138. Officers wore a double-breasted frock coat of ‘best quality grey mixed cadet cloth’.”[xliii]  Not surprisingly, they were known to their critics as the “the rebel Maryland Fifth.”[xliv]  To this day, the insignia and coat of arms of the 175 Infantry Regiment (heir to the Fifth) honors its Confederate heritage. See also Manakee and Whiteford, 5. To fully appreciate the Confederate history associated with Maryland’s flag, one must begin with the parents of George Calvert, the First Lord Baltimore, who received a charter for the colony of Maryland from King Charles I of England in 1632. For a rough accounting for the number of Marylanders that served in the Confederacy see Lawrence M. Denton, A Southern Star for Maryland (Baltimore: Publishing Concepts, 1995), 179 or W.W. Goldsborough, The Maryland Line in the Confederate Army, 1861-1865 (Harvard University: Press of Guggenheim, Weil and Company, 1900), 9. https://books.google.com/books?id=I89eYqTFJ6kC&source=gbs_navlinks_s 9. Maryland is the only State in the country with a Confederate symbol for its State song, “Maryland, My Maryland” — a symbol that is no different than flying the Confederate flag over the State House. [xxxiii], Another compelling account is that of Fannie Beers, a northern woman who married Jonathan Sturges Beers of Alabama shortly before the war and served as a devoted nurse for the Confederate Army. [viii] The picture of the map is from Maryland State Archives, accessed January 15, 2018, http://msa.maryland.gov/msa/educ/exhibits/images/fig08.jpg. Brown doesn’t believe there will be widespread demand to change the flag unless people on one side start using the red and white banner at their rallies, in the same way the Confederate flag is used. See also Coakley, 262. Nonetheless, for those natives of Maryland who seek the wisdom of the past, knowing the heroism and sense of duty under which Maryland’s Confederates fought and died, the Maryland flag should forever evoke a sense of pride. The Maryland Secretary of State webpage references “published sketches” of the flag taken by Baltimore artist Frank B. Mayer at the time of the Baltimore sesquicentennial celebration in 1880, which are supposedly of the same design. Patrick Henry-Onslow Debate: Liberty and Republicanism in American Political Thought, Lee Cheek, Sean R. Busick, Carey Roberts, editors. And local citizens caught wearing the colors red and white during the war, or dressing their babies in such, could be charged with treason. By The Associated Press. At the same time, such an assertion, though whimsical, does not entirely miss the mark. At that hour there was no division of opinion. During the war, Maryland-born Confederate soldiers used both the red-and-white colors and the cross bottony design from the Crossland quadrants of the Calvert coat of arms as a unique way of identifying their place of birth. [viii] What is perplexing, regarding the quartering, is on what authority (if any) Cecil had in using the Crosland arms. "Confederate-sympathizing language is not … Ultimately, any further clarity on the causes as to why Maryland Confederate soldiers chose the cross bottony over the paly of six needs additional research, that is, if any demonstrative evidence exists. Opinion: Maryland’s Confederate State Song Must Go. DeRosa reveals Lee’s awareness that the victory of the Union over the Confederacy placed America on the path towards the demise of government based upon the consent of the governed, the rule of law, and the Judeo-Christian American civilization. Calvert-Crosland quartered coat of arms). The flag of the state of Maryland covers a part of a plaque commemorating Maryland residents who fought in the Civil War where the U.S. flag and the Confederate flag … In addition to once being a captain and first lieutenant of Company E, Fifth Regiment, Hall was also a historian and editor of the Archives of Maryland. [xv]  Still, to this day, the design copied from the reverse of the 1648 Great Seal is officially used by the state of Maryland; the original obverse design, the equestrian figure of the Lord Proprietor, was officially restored in 1959.[xvi]. [xxi], While this argument has some merit, there are also significant problems with it, some of which are immediately noticeable for anyone that examines the primary sources and other historical authorities. The Maryland flag has a Confederate symbol in it. The insignia has a grey field in its annulet which is laid atop a cross bottony, while the coat of arms has a cross bottony and five vertical stripes, one of which represents Confederate service in the War Between the States (Figures 11 and 12). On the other side of the mantle, toward her feet, is the Mynne family crest—red and white with what is known as the cross bottony (a Christian symbol with each arm terminating in three rounded lobes). “It’s not tough to dig this stuff up,” he says. While white officers and enlisted men had no difficulty displaying the Confederate flag at home or overseas, Senator Millard Tydings, a Maryland Democrat, wanted to ensure they could do so officially. The poor showing of the only other militia regiment in Maryland, the Sixth, ended that regiment’s career, leaving the Fifth as Maryland’s only regiment for time. While the 1904 Act, in which the Maryland government formally adopted the flag, does not mention the Fifth Regiment in the statute, the Fifth’s relevance and immense popularity within the state could not have escaped the legislators’ notice and neither could the Fifth’s flag. Maryland is the only State in the country with a Confederate symbol for its State song, “Maryland, My Maryland” — a symbol that is no different than flying the Confederate flag … [xxvii]  Regardless of the inspiration, the historical record from this time refers to people throughout the South wearing various items, such as ties, rosettes, badges, ribbons, stockings, etc. A study of thinkers who exemplify conservatism in a Jeffersonian idiom rather than a Hamiltonian. [vi] Sir William Dugdale and Robert Davies, The Visitation of the County Yorke (Durham: 1859) https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=miun.ahe1867.0001.001;view=1up;seq=214 188. Impression of this seal, which dates back to 1648, has been preserved on numerous documents from the proprietary era. Before it could be completed and gifted to soldiers of the Fifty-Third Regiment, Union troops occupied the city. On Twitter, Jancewicz posted a compilation of state flag tattoos. A rather busy flag, but at least nominally heraldically correct. Regardless, it seems more likely that credit for the existence of the flag is owed to Clayton Coleman Hall. “It is a moving tribute from George Calvert to his wife,” says Henry Miller, a historical archaeologist and director of research for St. Mary’s City. [xxiii] Lieutenant General Milton A. Reckord, Guidebook and Descriptive Manual of Battle Flags in the Flag Room of the State House at Annapolis, MD (January 1965) http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc5300/sc5339/000052/000000/000004/restricted/govpub/i/005423/html/34139-0006.html 7-21. Finally, the historian who corrected the mistakes in the quartered coat of arms on the Great Seal and was the first to have a flag manufactured based on those arms, Clayton Coleman Hall, served in the Fifth Regiment. Benjamin Jancewicz does not pay for HBO, and he is not a native Marylander. And crosses bottony are fixed to the tombstones of Confederate soldiers in Maryland and monuments to Maryland’s Confederate soldiers at the Gettysburg battlefield. After the Civil War, the rebel flag faded from view. At least for now. To locate the origin of our admired state banner, you need to drive an hour north of London to St. Mary’s Church in Hertingfordbury, England. 1st Maryland Artillery, CSA (a.k.a. [xli]  In addition, the Fourth Maryland Artillery of the Maryland Line (also known as the Chesapeake Artillery) also used a red cross bottany guidon with a white field that was edged in red (Figure 10). While major flag manufacturers have ceased production of US historical flags of the confederacy, they carry slave owning state flags of the Union such as New Jersey. Be completed and gifted to soldiers of Fifth and Fifty-Third that created the nucleus for the flag be.! Of Cecil, 2nd Baron Baltimore. [ xviii ] colors were most notably worn in Union occupied of. 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