The Tory leader faced a quandary. Lloyd's equivalent of the pasty tax had been the introduction of a tax on sweets and confectionery, which the opposition and press had painted as a raid on children's pocket money. Also killed that night were hundreds of other perceived opponents of Hitler. Doug and Tony land in nineteenth century Asia, meet Rudyard Kipling and become involved in the conflict between the British and local tribesman for control of the Khyber Pass. In Germany, Nazi leader Adolf Hitler orders a bloody purge of his own political party, assassinating hundreds of Nazis whom he believed had the potential to become political enemies in the future. So he had to be jettisoned completely. He was replaced as Prime Minister by Sir Alec Douglas-Home, but the Conservatives were defeated in the 1964 general election by Labour under Harold Wilson. [2], Macmillan saw in the by-election results evidence that former Conservative voters would abandon their candidates in support of the Liberals, who were well placed in Conservative safe seats. Failing to realise that many fed-up Tory voters were choosing to express their dissatisfaction by backing the Liberals over Labour, Macmillan decided that something had to be done. And then, from nowhere, the coverage is interrupted. Out of the blue, the prime minister has torn the heart out of his government. He was replaced as Prime Minister by Sir Alec Douglas-Home, who was defeated in the 1964 general election. [4] Butler let slip the details of the impending reshuffle, and the following day the Daily Mail broke the plans to the public with the headline "Mac's Master Plan". The calm, dignified, unflappable prime minister had his plan – and he was sticking to it. [11] Former Prime Minister Anthony Eden and former Minister Nigel Birch also voiced their disapproval. The sackings were mockingly named after the 1934 Night of the Long Knives, when Adolf Hitler suppressed the Sturmabteilung supporters of Ernst Röhm. A person hired to murder someone. Although they didn't realise it, nothing like it would happen again. Topic. [7] His reputation of being calm and unflappable in a crisis was badly tarnished, and his ratings in opinion polls fell sharply. The remaining six were informed the following day, 13 July. [12] Despite these voices of dissent, the reaction from most Conservative MPs was positive. With Conservative unpopularity stemming from economic issues, they discussed replacing Selwyn Lloyd as Chancellor of the Exchequer with Reginald Maudling. (John Profumo, as luck would have it, was one of the ministers whom Macmillan did not sack in 1962.) Macmillan, once started, had to finish. Lloyd, like Gordon Brown, was a non-conformist from outside the south of England whose views on the fundamentals of economic policy differed from Macmillan. Macmillan resolved on some new blood with a reshuffle in the autumn of 1962. It looks like the mob sent a long knife over last night to silence the last surviving witness. By the end of June Macmillan was coming up with his own proposals to fix the economy. In the UK, 'the night of the long knives' usually refers to Harold MacMillan's brutal but bloodless purge of his cabinet on July 13, 1962. [3] Macmillan met with Rab Butler on 21 June. The speed and scale of the reshuffle caused it to be associated by its critics with the 1934 Night of the Long Knives in Germany. [5] In all, seven ministers were to be replaced, amounting to one third of the total Cabinet of twenty-one. Macmillan regretted the way the reshuffle was carried out, and was particularly concerned about his treatment of Lloyd, who was a loyal confidant. When a Liberal candidate was fielded, such as at the Stockton-on-Tees by-election in April, in a seat Macmillan himself formerly held, the Conservatives saw large numbers of voters desert them for the Liberals. Fifty years ago Prime Minister Harold Macmillan shocked the nation by sacking … His political opponents made capital from this, Liberal MP Jeremy Thorpe observing that "Greater love hath no man than this, that he lay down his friends for his life. Its Free! The entire wiki with photo and video galleries for each article A Cabinet reshuffle! The press mockingly call it the 'night of the long knives', after Adolf Hitler's brutal move against Ernst Rohm's SA. It's a newsflash. The press mockingly call it the 'night of the long knives', after Adolf Hitler's brutal move against Ernst Rohm's SA. Despite the dramatic changes in the Cabinet, the Conservatives were rocked by a series of scandals in 1963 and Macmillan retired in October of that year after being misdiagnosed with cancer. [5] He summoned Lloyd to a meeting that evening and informed him that he was to be replaced as Chancellor. There were 59 people involved in the knock-on reshuffle of the 102 junior ministerial posts. Macmillan's position improved within a few months of the affair. Night of the Long Knives (1962) is similar to these topics: Eden ministry, Selwyn Lloyd, Alec Douglas-Home and more. The Conservatives won a convincing majority at the 1959 general election, increasing their lead over their nearest rivals, Labour. Meet other similar minded people. [1] The Conservatives were forced into third place in several by-elections, culminating in the loss of the previously safe seat of Orpington (neighbouring Macmillan's Bromley seat) in a March 1962 by-election victory for the Liberal candidate, Eric Lubbock. Mills, Maclay and Watkinson were reported to have gone quietly, as did Hill, though he expressed his disapproval on the way the reshuffle was handled. Lloyd refused both. It was in actuality a demotion. In instances where the Liberals had no candidate standing, such as the Labour safe seat of Pontefract, the Conservatives maintained their share of the vote. [3], Macmillan intended to carry out the reshuffle in autumn 1962 after parliament returned from its summer recess. Lloyd was a Macmillan loyalist, but 'Supermac' had become suspicious that his right-hand man was plotting against him. "Night of the Long Knives" Türkçe içindeki çevirilerine dikkat et. long knife 1. [2] Later by-elections confirmed the trend. The tax cuts of 1959 were reversed, decreasing the government's popularity while the Liberals began a revival. 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