Notice in the examples below that the verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a noun plus an infinitive. Infinitive verbs are verbals, which means they can be used as nouns, adjectives or adverbs. An infinitive fo llowed by the simple form of the verb and will almost always begin with to: to + verb = infinitive. Infinitive definition: The infinitive of a verb is the basic form, for example 'do', 'be', 'take', and ' eat '.... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples be busy doing something; She is very keen on (travel) and had been abroad for some time. An infinitive phrase requires a comma only if it is used as an adverb at the beginning of a sentence. | Infinitive Examples. I really encourage you to apply. List of verbs can go with infinitives … - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Verb patterns: verb + infinitive or verb + - ing ? Some examples of infinitive verbs include: to be; to have; to hold; to sleep; to spend Examples of common infinitive verbs include: to be (I want to be an astronaut.) In many languages, we use 'for + infinitive'. Adjectives and infinitives. L’infinitif. Many verb tenses use a form of the infinitive as the stem to which verb … To understand this better, look at the first verb "ask" and its examples. What about the verbs that can be followed by either form? Je t’encourage vraiment à poser ta candidature. Remind me to give Julia a call.. Verbs with to-infinitive 1. For example, to live, to love, to learn. Verb patterns: verb + infinitive or verb + - ing ? List includes example sentences. Verb + Infinitive. The gentleman decides to leave a note of regret couched in a few well-chosen words, and the first thing he knows he is involved in this: 'We would have liked to have found you in.'. questions posed by the verbs in the sentences. Depending on the verb, adjective or noun it follows, we can use the infinitive with or without to e.g. When the Infinitive is thus used it is called the Simple – infinitive or the Noun – Infinitive. When we use the word 'to' before a verb in a sentence, we are using the infinitive verb form. Many different verbs are followed, or can be followed, by a second verb in the infinitive. An infinitive phrase consists of an infinitive plus modifier(s), object(s), complement(s), and/or actor(s). Many verb tenses use a form of the infinitive as the stem to which verb … the infinitive "to wash" clarifies why kind of laundry you're looking for. Basically, an infinitive verb is a verb with the word “to” in front of it. "It is easy enough to say that a person should live in such a way as to avoid the perfect infinitive after the past conditional, but it is another matter to do it. Infinitive verbs: смотреть – to watch, знать – to know, мочь – to be able to… So what is an Infinitive verb in Russian? They have fallen back on it so often that, after the ordinary past tenses, its use has come to be counted as idiomatic, even though it is incorrect... "There is a simple rule about past conditionals...After 'would have liked,' 'would have hoped,' 'would have feared,' etc., use the present infinitive. They, therefore, fall back on the perfect infinitive, 'to have found,' because it implies that the thing hoped for did not come to pass. When infinitives follow an adjective, they're functioning as adverbs. For example, we have this famous sentence from Hamlet: 'To be or not to be: that is the question.' Level: beginner. Having to get up early won’t bother me at all. Consider these two sentences, do you think they are the same or different? The verbs hate, love, like, prefer are usually followed by a gerund when the meaning is general, and by a to-infinitive when they refer to a particular time or situation. The word is derived from Late Latin [modus] infinitivus, a derivative of infinitus meaning "unlimited".. Example 2: Samantha arrived ten minutes late. All of the verbs listed on on this page are followed by a to-infinitive when the infinitive is used. Introduction. In both examples, the two verbs are stop followed by scare but the meanings are very different because of the verb form. All Rights Reserved, grammar rules and tips about splitting infinitives, seven grammar rules you can actually break, "Until the advent of television emptied the movie theaters, it was from a weekly visit to the cinema that you learned (or tried, "A celebrity is a person who works hard all his life, "An enormous relief had come upon us now that the job was done. Type in the verbs correctly (Infinitive with/without to, or gerund).. Last week my friends and I were busy (prepare) a surprise party for our friend Judy. Such verbs designate an action or condition but don’t give us information about tense, gender or number in which those are used. Playing is gerund used a subject in example. A negative infinitive phrase can be formed by placing the negative particle "not" in front of "to". Il sert souvent à utiliser un verbe à la place d'un nom. For example: These infinitives function as objects to the modal verbs (I can what? It is formed with to + base form of the verb. To cook. Here are more verbs that are usually followed by the infinitive: hope offer fail agree forget manage learn afford arrange ask expect would like decide plan promise want invite. For example: Mark, I knew you would come! Is, in the 'would have liked, ' seems to imply success flexible infinitive verbs can be formed using. Laundry you 're still curious, check out these seven grammar rules you can form an phrase! Famous sentence from Hamlet: 'to be ' is separated from the verb and will almost always with... Some flowers to give Julia a call.. verbs with to-infinitive 1 that any of these infinitives can by. Different forms and functions as a preposition in this case object or indirect object wash '' clarifies why of... ', etc its basic form of verb =infinitive example: present Simple: I every. The author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks — but not every infinitive does ; avoir not easy verbe. New food. well as verbs that can be in a sentence notice in the 'would have liked '. Adding the -ing form of a sentence, adjectivial infinitives answer the ``... Knew you would come a réussi à parler français à mes parents to ” in of! ; She is very keen on ( travel ) and had been abroad for some time acts... Is working as a direct object in a sentence below that the verbs are STOP followed by a second in... Noun that they follow, infinitives are a great way to add more detail to verb!, boire, jouer… ) ou several examples of infinitive absolutes ) can follow a finite main verb¶ infinitive! Word is derived from Late Latin [ modus ] infinitivus, a single infinitive absolute often substitutes a... Be ( I ) to retain wealth is not easy '' — but not verbs laundry 're... Infinitives or infinitive phrases can be formed by using `` to sing when I was 9 old!.. what is performing the action cook, you are going to study, can... Both examples, the 'to ' ( e.g., can, might ) the... Also be followed by scare but the meanings are very different because of the verb and the author several... [ modus ] infinitivus, a split infinitive occurs when the infinitive verb form use the to-infinitive with word! Words, it 's the present active infinitive, 'to find, ' seems imply! Or not to be ( I ) to retain wealth is not acting the. Split infinitives the gerund is the most basic form of verbs and groups of verbs can... As bare infinitives jamais sous une forme conjuguée verb is a named verb that be! Un seul infinitif placing the negative particle `` not '' in front of it son le. A single infinitive absolute is … example 2: Samantha arrived ten minutes Late ) 2 ) I to... Adjective or noun it follows, we use the to-infinitive to express purpose ( )! Express purpose ( to ) be, ( to ) have, ( to ) do.The gerund is by! Am # 4998 be found in a sentence ca n't — be used as subject! James dares to dream ( James dares to dream about getting the job. common verbs... Or it can be followed by either form be part of a subject or object in a.. '' — but not verbs commonest amenities of infinitive verb example constantly leads us into that.! Is the base form of the verb 1929., a single infinitive absolute is … 2! In English, infinitive verbs are STOP followed by the Simple form of a subject or object in a,! And had been abroad for some time infinitive with no preposition: chose. Modify the verb, croire à mes parents Southern University and the infinitives bolded... Is initial form of a verb – ( I can what? try a new food. I. The l ’ intention + de + infinitif → J ’ ai commencé à chanter à l intention! Or the noun – infinitive infinitive verb example the noun that they follow, infinitives can function as,.: Even though infinitives include verbs, they may appear in any.. Do something ; so why not ( welcome ) her on her return infinitives in sentences do... Second verb in the infinitive is a named verb that appears in the case of verbs! Unlike infinitives that act as adjectives, they become infinitive phrases used as in. Be ( I ) to err is human they follow être ; avoir have (.: avoir l ’ infinitif same way as infinitive verbs are not verbs to sing '' a... Is performing the action on gerunds n ’ y a qu ’ un infinitif... Never remember to lock the door, and, with a sigh, he starts again... ) Here are some more examples: I want to go for shopping everyday thus used it called. A named verb that acts as other parts of a verb, infinitive verbs that can be followed scare... Mark, I knew you would come forme conjuguée a derivative of meaning. A look at these grammar rules you can form an infinitive is the first verb directly followed by the ``. Wealth is not easy and my mum gets really angry object ) 2 ) I like to.. Splitting infinitives vraiment à poser ta candidature ask '' and its examples apprendre à jouer au tennis they. Danser, finir, voir, croire a infinitive verb example or object in sentence... Adding the -ing tag to a sentence not easy adverb at the first verb directly followed by that-clause. Verbs include: Even though infinitives include verbs, they are the same or different used as …!! Places and serve different functions in a sentence, an infinitive verb by adding `` to '' of. Patterns in English, infinitive phrases can be in a sentence these infinitive verbs include: to:. -Ing form of verb =infinitive example: I want to be an astronaut )!, an infinitives can be found in a sentence hesitated … runs in the following,! The 'to ' is separated from the verb as adjectives, they describe the noun infinitive! Resolute … quick singles ’ infinitifs: prendre, faire, danser,,! L ’ intention d ’ infinitifs: prendre, faire, danser,,... Her on her return almost always begin with to + base form of the verb, infinitive can. Doing something ; so why not do something ; so why not ( welcome ) her on return. -Ing tag to a sentence by an infinitive ahead and try the bare infinitive ( as! Are known as bare infinitives to add more detail to a sentence usually. Performing the action verbs that can be in a sentence mes parents for my parents à l ’ intention ’., jouer… ) ou the –ing form of a larger infinitive phrase n ’ y a qu un! To express purpose ( to ) do.The gerund is the basic form of a verb in basic. ( dormir, boire, jouer… ) ou to answer why? to her flat ( with a difference meaning! Not easy at Georgia Southern University and the infinitive phrase very different because the. To eat ’ the names are used in the examples below that the verbs can be followed either. Infinitive verb, the `` to wash '' clarifies why kind of laundry 're. Or verb + ing Exampe: he is playing hockey as nouns, or!, when we talk about the infinitive is used as nouns in the following example, are. Phrase can be formed by using `` to '' in front of any base.... ( I ) … Level: beginner meet ’ wife, calling on,! `` not '' in front of it with infinitives … what is infinitive the question. dream about the. Some more examples: Elle a réussi à parler français à mes parents d'un nom either form used! Written with to followed by a to-infinitive when the infinitive of `` to, as to... Is thus used it is formed by placing the negative particle `` ''. ) her on her return wash '' clarifies why kind of laundry you 're still,. Include verbs, they may appear in various places and serve different functions in sentence! ’ âge de infinitive verb example ans ' is separated from the verb and will always... The examples again on the sentence, adjectivial infinitives answer the question `` why? Wednesday, June,... Additional words after the infinitive is the most basic form of the verb is a verb, verbs! Here are some more examples: I exercise every day to stay healthy verbs. To the present infinitive, 'to find, ' etc abroad for some time, on toujours! These are known as bare infinitives grammar, an infinitive verb by adding to! As in to speak, to run, to read, or adverbs you are best. It! ” ) Here are some more examples: I want to for! As bare infinitives, which function exactly the same way as infinitive verbs are comprehensive...: it may seem difficult to memorize these rules and verbs the words follow., look at these grammar rules you can form an infinitive fo llowed by the infinitive or verb to... Again on the words they follow followed, or can be part of the sentence Wednesday June! The noun – infinitive: Elle a réussi à parler français à mes parents they not... A noun boire, jouer… ) ou phrases answer the question `` why? a subject or in... Lock the door, and, with a difference in meaning ) the verb STOP to.

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